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PSYC18H3 (275)
Chapter 4

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Michelle Hilscher

Chapter 4Nonverbal communicationword like smile laugh gaze and touch seem simple enough but they refer to many class of nonverbal behaviorEg smile there different smiles with different meaningWe smile to be polite to signal weakness to hide inappropriate feelings of disgust or disapproval to express romantic attractionPaul Ekmen and Wallace Friesn organized the language of nonverbal behavior into five categoriesEmblems nonverbal gestures that directly translate to wordsEmblems vary in their meaning across culturesIllustrator nonverbal gestures that accompanies our speech and often make it vivid and visual These gestures slightly precede the corresponding words we sayRegulators noverbal behaviors that we use to coordinate conversationPeople look and point at and orient their bodies toward people whom they want to start speakingSelfadaptor nonverbal behaviors people engage in with no seeming intention as if simply release nervous energyPeople touch their necks tug at their hair jiggle their legsThere are nonverbal expressions or displays of emotion signals in the face voice body and touch that convey emotionFacial expressions of emotionSeveral characteristics have been identified that differentiate emotional expressions from other nonverbal behaviorExpression of emotion tend to be fairly brief typically lasting between 1 and 10 secondsA polite smile that does not accompany the experience of emotion might be exceptionally brief lasting a quarter of a second or it might endure fro some timeFacial expressions of emotions involve involuntary muscle actions that people cannot produce when they feel like it and cannot suppress even when instructed to do soFeighed expressions of anger therefore would lack the muscle tightening around the monthEmotional expressions should have their parallels or homologues in the display of other speciesDarwin proposed three principles to explain why emotional expressions have the appearance that they do
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