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Psychology (9,697)
PSYC18H3 (275)
G Cupchik (49)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4 Communication of Emotions.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC18H3
Professor
G Cupchik
Semester
Winter

Description
Emotions Chapter 4Communication of Emotions To document how people flirt Givens 1983 and Perper 1985 spent hrs in single bars writing down the patterns of nonverbal behaviors shown by women and meno In the initial attention getting phase men roll their shoulders and raise their arms with exaggerated gestures that allow them to show off signs of their social statusAt the same time women smile they look askance flick their hair walk with arched back and swaying hipso In the recognition phase women and men gaze at each other they express interest with raised eyebrows sing song voice laughter and subtle lips Then women and men explore their interest in aech other with brushes of the arm pats accidental bumps looking for signs of delight or disgusto Finally in the keeping time phase the potential partners mirror each others glances laughter gaze and posture to assess their interest in one anotherPeople express emotions with facial actions with their voice with touch with posture and with their gaitFive kinds of nonverbal behavior Nonverbal communication Paul Ekman and Wallace Friesman 1969 organized the language of nonverbal behavior into 5 categories1 Emblems nonverbal gestures that directly translate to wordsex Peace sign emblems vary in their meaning across cultures Ex Extending the index finger and little finger indicates contempt in Italy and Spain but it unknown in Britain and Scandinavia In Britain the equal gesture is raising the first and second fingers with palm facing towards sender In America it is raising the middle finger In Australia it is raising the thumb All mean sexual connotation 2 Illustrator a nonverbal gesture that accompanies our speech and often makes it vivid and visualMaking hand gestures when we speekMcNeill has shown that these gestures slightly precede the corresponding words we say Also do facial gestures raising eyebrows nodding head moving torso to show empathy3 Regulators nonverbal behaviors that we use to coordinate conversationPeople look and point at and orient their bodies toward people whom they want to start speaking They turn away from those they wish would stop speaking4 Self adaptorrefers to nervous behaviors people engage in with no seeming intention as if simply to release nervous energy People touch their necks tug their hair jiggle their legs stroke their chinsThere are nonverbal expressions or displays of emotions signals in the face voice body and touch that convey emotionFacial Expressions of EmotionThe markers of emotional expressions 3Expressions of emotion tend to be fairly brief typically lasting between 110 secondso A smile accompanying enjoyment will typically start and stop within a span of 10 secondso A polite smile that does not accompany the experience of emotion might be briefof a second or it might endure for some time ex When someone smiles throughout an unpleasant dinner party Facial expressions of emotion involve involuntary muscle actions that people cannot produce when they feel like it and cannot suppress even when instructed to do soo Ex Anger involves tightening muscles around the moutho Ex Sympathy involves 2 muscle actions in the upper part of the face that produce oblique eyebrows These involuntary actions have different neuroanatomical basis than voluntary facial actionssuggests that affective displays as opposed to mock expressions are reliable indicators of the individuals feelings
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