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Canada (158,149)
Psychology (9,565)
PSYC18H3 (274)
Chapter 7

Chapter 7

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Gerald Cupchik

PSYC18 Chapter 7 Split brain operation: sever the corpus callosum o Patients IQ, personality, language and ability to engage in meaningful interactions are not diminished Right hemisphere responds more readily to the emotional content of stimuli, while the left is more ready to interpret experience in terms of language Primary appraisal: unconscious, and automatic; reflexive Secondary appraisal: potentially conscious, and thought-like Appraisal and Emotion Historical background and definitions Chrysippus distinguished between initial movements that were automatic and and secondary movements which involved mental thought Stress produces vigilant attention and heightened activity in the sympathetic branch of the ANS Prolonged stress can lead to heart disease, cancer, and even cell death in the hippocampus Lazarus said that the differences between stresses lie in the emotions He proposed that appraisals involve judgements of how good or bad an event is Steins view holds that (1) an event, usually unexpected, is perceived that changes the status of a valued goal; (2) beliefs are often challenged; this can cause bodily changes and expressions to occur; (3) plans are formed about what to do about the event to reinstate or modify the goal, and the likely results of the plans are considered Automatic appraisals of good and bad Viewed either happy or angry faces. A suboptimal subliminal condition showed them for 4milliseconds. Subliminal had no idea whether they saw happy or angry. For suboptimally presented faces, smiling faces led participants to express greater liking for the Chinese ideographs. No such priming occurred for those who were aware of the faces Is the bad stronger than the good? Our negative evaluations appear to be more potent than our positive ones Appraisal theories and distinct emotions Discrete approaches to appraisals: emphasize that unique appraisals give rise to different emotions Dimensional approaches to appraisals: focus on the many components of appraisals that relate to different emotions Discrete approaches to appraisal According to Lazarus, primary involves appraisal of event in terms of its relevance to goals evaluate whether the event is relevant to personal goals or not, then they appraise ongoing events in terms of the extent to which the event is congruent or incongruent with the persons goals Goal congruent events elicit positive events, and goal incongruent events produce negative emotions www.notesolution.com
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