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PSYC18H3 (275)
Chapter 9

Chapter 9

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Gerald Cupchik

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Chapter 9 Emotions in Social Relationships Social goals and social emotions Freud saw life in terms of sexuality and death Love, compassion, and gratitude are underpinnings of cooperative behaviour Anger, aggression, and revenge have been seen as unavoidable aspects of human character Lorenz argued that aggression is an innate drive like hunger, and that human culture is in peril Three kinds of social motivation: attachment, affiliation, and assertion Attachment: its function is primarily that of protection and care for the immature infant. The infant and caregiver cooperate to allow the infant to thrive in an environment that contains danger Affiliation: accompanies attachment and is typically described as warmth (affection). Contributes to parenting, and draws individuals together even when they are not genetically related Assertion: we create hierarchies in many of the things we do. It is the motivation to rise in the social hierarchy, and to resist challenges from those who would diminish us Attachment and its separation from affiliation Attachment system keeps the mother close The idea of maternal sensitivity to the infants needs Affiliation and warmth are fundamentally important in human development, but they involve different processes than of protection The chimps affiliative system is at work while grooming People express more emotions in relationships that are communal (caring, relationships) Emotions as social People are anxious if an attachment figure is inexplicably absent Emotions are not solely determined by appraisals of events We commit ourselves to the relationship for which the emotion sets the frame Emotions signal our goals, and others can then be responsive to them Attachment, affiliation and assertion to be actively combined Sexual love does best with a strong combination of attachment and affiliation Effective parenting needs all three Emotions within intimate relationships Early attachment as a template for later love In long-term love two people cooperate to accomplish together what they could not do alone. Result is the affectional bond Proposed that adult love depends on three systems: attachment, caregiving of infants by parents, and the sexual relating of reproduction Maternal caregiving and affiliative warmth In rats, mothers show three distinctive kinds of maternal behaviour toward their infants. (a) when infant rats suckle, the mothers assume a crouching posture over www.notesolution.com
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