Textbook Notes (362,882)
Canada (158,081)
Psychology (9,549)
PSYC18H3 (274)
Chapter 7

chapter 7 notes

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Gerald Cupchik

CHAPTER 7: appraisal, knowledge, and experience - Stress produces vigilant attention and heightened activity in the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system. - It is an adaptive process, helping people respond to threats, dangers, and punishments with quick energetic efficiency. - Lazarus said that there are different types of stress. The stress associated with humiliation is different from stress associated with associated with losing a job or a spouse. - Each different type of stress promotes a particular type of emotion by means of a specific appraisal process. - Lazarus proposed that appraisals involve judgements of how good or bad an event is. Secondly, appraisals concern the individuals goals and aspirations and how he or she is interacting with the environment. Thus emotions refer to both events in the world and to individuals concerns; they relate the outer world to the inner self - According to stein, Trabasso, and Liwag appraisals that give rise to emotions also involve beliefs, inferences, and plans. 1) an event, usually unexpected is perceived that changes the status of a valued goal. 2) beliefs are often challenged, this can cause bodily changes and expressions to occur. 3) plans are formed about what to do about the event to reinstate or modify the goal and the likely results of the plans are considered. Automatic appraisals of good and bad - Robert Zanjonc has proposed that we process stimuli through different appraisal systems. One system provides an immediate unconscious evaluation of whether the stimulus is good or bad. - This system gives rise to primary appraisals , automatic emotional reactions to events and objects in the environment which promote rapid approach or avoidance responses. - The first appraisal system gives rise to our core feelings of positivity or negativity. - Experiment: participants were shown photos of people with angry or happy faces for a very short time so they wouldnt know whether they saw a happy face or a angry face (suboptimal condition). After that they were shown Chinese idiographs and asked to rate them. Those that were sub-optimally presented happy faces had a greater liking for the Chinese idiographs. No such effects were present for the optimally (in awareness) presented faces www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PSYC18H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.