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Chapter 16

Chapter 16: Testing in Counseling Psychology

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University of Toronto Scarborough

Chapter 16 Testing in Counseling Psychology interest inventories have helped millions receive feedback about their own interests to help them make wise career choicesfirst interest inventory Carnegie Interest InventoryStrong Vocational Interest Blank and Kuder Preference Surveytwo widely used interest testsStrong Vocational Interest BlankOne of most widely used tests in research and practiceStrong realized that people in different professional groups had different patterns of interest People tend to choose lines of work that interest them similar hobbies liked same types of entertainment etcSet out to develop test that match interests of subject to interests and values of criterion group of people who were happy in their careersCriterion keying or criterion group approachPreliminary groups of individuals from many professionals and occupations responded dealing with likes and dislikes related to occupations and leisure activities Criterion keying determined how interests of new subjects resembled those of criterion groupsItems in SVIB weighted according to how frequently an interest occurred in particular occupational group as opposed to how frequently it occurred in general populationRaw scores converted to standardized scores with mean of 50 and SD of 10 Reliability and validity high Interestingly patterns of interest remain relatively stable over timeas long as 22 years Interest patterns fairly established by 17 yoCritics cited gender bias in scales because different tests for men and women others cited lack of theoryStrong Campbell Interest InventoryMost widely used interest inventory today SCII Campbells response to shortcomings of SVIB Items from both men and womens form merged into single form that included scales devoid of gender bias Campbell incorporated Hollands theory of six personality factorsinterests express personality and that people can be classified into one or more of six categories according to their interestsResearch generally supported Hollands ideas SCII currently divided into 7 parts person respondslike dislike indifferent Several scores for each profileFirst score summary of general themes of Hollands six personality types Second score report for administrative index ensure errors not made in administration scoring or processingThird score summary of persons basic interests Reported in standardized T scores M 50 SD 10Final set of scores occupational scaleso Profile shows persons score for each of 124 occupations broken down into six general occupational themes General and basic interest scales compare test takers score to people in generalOccupational scale compares test takers score with scores of people working in professionsSCII no longer used very muchreplaced by newer tests Campbell Interest and Skill SurveyCISS asks respondents to assess degree of interest in 200 academic and occupational topicsAssess degree of skill in 120 specific occupationsProduces 11 page profile and 2 page report summaryYields variety of different types of scales and for each interest level and skill score offeredOffers academic focus that helps test takers understand how comfortable or successful they may be in academic setting Extroversion scale helps guide them to occupations with appropriate amount and intensity of interpersonal relations
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