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Chapter 13

Chapter 13 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough

Chapter 14 Projective Personality Tests Psychologists conduct assessments, in which tests are used in conjunction with historical data, face-to-face contact, interview procedures and experience to test hypotheses about individuals Projective tests (like the Rorschach inkblot) are the most controversial and most misunderstood psychological tests Between 1996 and 2007, Rorschach was used the most rd o It ranked 3 to MMPIMMPI-2 and the NEO in the number of research citations THE PROJECTIVE HYPOTHESIS Projective hypothesis: when people try to understand something (stimulus) and make their own interpretations to understand what it is o Example in a dark room, child sees shadow and think its a monster its just a shadow that is neutral its a reflection of the inner workings of his mind Leonardo da Vinci used ambiguous figures to evaluate young art stud eatrt was students imagination Shakespeares nothing is either good or bad, bethinking makes it so. What the person sees in a stimulus is a reflection of their personal qualities or characteristics Problem with all projective tests is that many factors can influence ones response to them Validity is questioned often THE RORSCAHCH INKBLOT TEST Historical Antecedents Individuals report idiosyncratic or unique personal meanings when viewing inkblot stimuli Theres a wide variety of possible responses Binet proposed the inkblot idea when Rorschach was only 10 years old www.notesolution.com o Researchers supported this and there was a publication of the first set of a standardized inkblots by Whipple (1910) Rorschach is known for it because he came up with the importance of th etest which is to identify psychological disorders o His book psychodiognostik David levy brought the Rorschach test to the united states from Eu rope got a cold and unenthusiastic response o 5 individuals played a dominant role in the use and investigation of the Rorschach test Samuel J. Beck studying configurational tendencies in Rorschach responses Beck, hertz, Klopfer, Piotrowski, Rapaport They all developed their own systems of administration, scoring and interpretation Stimuli, Administration, and Interpretation Created by dropping into a piece of paper and folding it He selected 20 Test publisher only paid for 10 o 5 black and grey, 2 had black, grey and red, and 3 had pastel colours of various shades Individual test Examiners cannot give any information about what it might be but they do sometimes influence through facial expressions or nonverbal communication o Rapaport made examiner sit next to subject rather than face-to-face Lack of clear structure or direction is a primary feature of projective tests each card is administered twice www.notesolution.com
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