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Chapter 14

Chapter 14

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University of Toronto Scarborough

Chapter 14: Projective Personality Tests Projective Techniques Allow examinee to respond to vague stimuli with own impressions Assumption is that examinee will project his unconscious needs, motives, conflicts onto neutral stimulus The Projective Hypothesis When people attempt to understand ambiguous or vague stimulus, interpretation of that stimulus reflects needs, feelings, experiences, prior conditioning, thought processes Rorschach inkblot test Most commonly used 1971: used in 91% of 251 clinical settings survey Earliest use of inkblots as projective surfaces was Kerners 1896, Binet suggested that inkblots might be used to assess personality 1911, Psychodiagnostik 10: 5 black and white, 2 black, gray, red and 3 pastel colours Each card administered twice, during free-association, examiner presents cards one at a time, second phase, inquiry, examiner shows cards again and scores subjects responses: scored according to at least 5 dimensions- location, determinants, for quality, content, frequency of occurrence Scoring for location, examiner must determine where subjects perception is located on inkblot, small picture of each card (location chart) is provided Exners Comprehensive Scoring System Notes whether subject used whole blot (W), common detail (D), unusual detail (Dd), other factors, confabulatory response (DW) o Confabulatory responses also illustrate idea behind qualitative interpretations o Subject overgeneralizes from part to whole it looked like my mother because of the eyes Determine number and percentage of W, D, Dd responses o Summarized as frequency or percentage, known as quantitative, structural or statistical aspect of Rorschach as opposed to qualitative aspects (content) Normal subjects typically produce balance of W, D, Dd responses Examiner must determine what it was about inkblot that led subject to see particular percept: determinant o One or more of at least 4 properties of inkblot may determine or lead to response: formshape, perceived movement, colour, shading o If subject uses only the form of blot to determine response, response is scored F, pure form response o Use statement such as it looks like, shaped like here are head, hand, legs o Movement may be human (M), animal (FM), inanimate (m) o Movement response: cooperative movement- involve positive interaction between 2 or more humans or animals Provide information about subjects attitude concerning how people interact Identifying determinant is most difficult aspect of Rorschach, scoring content is simple: human (H), animal (A), nature (N) Form quality is extent to which percept matches stimulus properties of inkblot o Scoring form quality is difficult o Some experts argue if examiner can also see percept, then response has adequate form quality, but if examiner cannot see it, then response has poor form quality and scored F- Thought to tap into deep layers of personality and bring out what is not conscious to test taker Psychometric Properties Clinical validation www.notesolution.com
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