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Canada (161,823)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYC37H3 (159)
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Chapter 17

Chapter 17

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Chapter 17: Testing in Health Psychology and Health Care Neuropsychological Assessment Clinical neuropsychology o Scientific discipline that focuses on psychological impairments of central nervous system and remediation o Scientific discipline that studies relationship between behaviour and brain functioning of realms of cognitive, motor, sensory, emotional functioning o Activities include identification, description, multivariate, quantification, treatment of diseases of brain and spinal cord o Overlaps neurology, psychiatry, psychometric testing in following ways: neuropsychology and neurology both focus on sensations and perceptions and on motor movements o Neuro and psychometrics both use psychological tests o Neuro differs because it is finely specialized, focusing on attention, memory, learning, language and communication, spatial integration, cognitive flexibility o Attempts to relate brain dysfunction and damage to observable and measurable behavioural functioning o Definition: A clinical neuropsychologist is a professional psychologist trained in the science of brain-behavior relationships. The clinical neuropsychologist specializes in the application of assessment and intervention principles based on the scientific study of human behavior across the lifespan as it relates to normal and abnormal functioning of the central nervous system. Goals of Practice Assist in diagnosis Establish baseline to evaluate coursetreatment effects Define profile of strengths and weaknesses Assist in establishing prognosis Developmental neuropsychology o Earlier brain injury may be missed until children reach age where they are challenged with new types of problems o Brain plasticity in children o Trail making tests, children locate numbers scattered on a sheet of paper o Executive function includes volition, like forming and executing goal, planning, taking action to complete task o Includes self control, self-monitoring to complete task o Mirsky: 4 factors of mental processing and related them to specific anatomical regions in brain Focus execute: childs ability to scan information and respond in meaningful way Sustain: describes childs capacity to pay close attention for defined interval time Encode: related to information storage, recall, mental manipulation Shift: ability to be flexible o Learning disabilities: problems in speech and reading disorders o Dyslexia: specific reading disorder characterized by difficulties in decoding single words May have genetic base and may result from difficulties in processing phonemes o Concussion resolution index (CRI): track recovery following sports related concussion o Developmental difficult field because it requires several levels of assessment o Seven step model used in development of rehabilitation plans: Application of formal tests to determine nature of problem Assessment of environment, such as demands of school www.notesolution.com
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