Textbook Notes (369,054)
Canada (162,364)
Psychology (9,699)
PSYC39H3 (201)
Chapter

Chpter1

6 Pages
52 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC39H3
Professor
David Naussbaum

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Description
Early Demonology: Somatogenesis: - Hippocrate was the first person to separate religion/magic/superstition - Father of modern medicine - Earlist proponents of somatogenesis: Something is wrong with the body, would create psychological problems - In contrast: Psychogenesis: In contrast, is the belief that a disturbance has psychological origins - Hippocrate’s physiology: normal brain functioning and therefore of mental health, as dependent on a delicate balance among four humours or fluids of the body: Blood, Black bile, yellow phlegm - For melancholia: ZTranquility, sobriety, care in choosing good and drink and abstince in sexual activity Dark Ages/Demonology: - The death of Galen, the second-century Greek marked the beginning of the Dark Ages for Western Eurpeoan - Churches began to gain influence The persecution of witches th - During 13 centuary, people turned to demonology to explain disaseters like the plagues/femine - Popo sent two domincian monks to northern Germany as inquisters, Malleus Maleficarum: The witches hammer - Guide witches hunts , textbook guide Witchcraft& mental illness: - Some of the witches were mentally ill, some were not - Some of them had confessions when they were tortured, in England where torture was not allowed, people did not receive these confessions - From the 13 centuary onward, hospitals began to come under secular jurisdiction th - “Lunacy” trials were being held in England in the 13 centuary, The trials were conducted under a trial’s right to protect the mentally Impaired Development of asylums: - After the principle of the Crusadaes had been waged, leprosy gradually disappeared from Europe because the principle of infection (Eastern sources) were no longer in contact - With leproasy as a source of no longer concern, people’s attention were turned to the mad th th - Confinement of the mad began in the 15 /16 century - Leprosy hospitals were turned to asylums Bethlehem and Other Early Asylums - St. Mary Bethlehem: Asylum - Bedlam: A contraction and popular name for this hospital became a descriptive term for a place or scene of wild uproar and confusion - Benjamin Rush was considered the father of modern psychiatry - Believed that many lunatics could be cured by scaring them - Another doctor used his beliefs to do an treatment, where they would put the patient in a coffin pierced with holes lowered into water, and then revived - Also believed disorders were caused by excess blood in the brain Moral Treatment - Phillipe Pineal primary figure in the movement of the humanitarian treatment of the mentally ill - Began to treat people as sick human beings rather than beasts - Jean-Baptiste Pussin first person to remove chains of the sick - Still treated people with higher class better than people with lower class ( Patietns of lower class were still subjected to terror and coercion of a means of control) - William Tuke was shocked of the conditions of asylums and and proposed to the society of friends that it found its own instition - The York retreat was established on a country estate, providing mentally ill with a quiet/religious atmosphere th - Despire the emphasis on moral treatment in the early 19 century, drugs were also used frequently in mental hospital - Drugs such as alcohol, cannabis, opium, and chloral hydrate - Moral treatment was abandoned in the later of the 19 centuary th - Dorothea Dix: compained for state hospitals to take in mental patients, however they took more than they could, and were treated badly - Premier Arthur Sifton’s decision to focus on large insituitions, where patients were crowded into inadquete space - Dr. Henry Hunt Stabb made heroic efforts to institute moral treatment and non restraint at lunatic asylum Asylums in Canada - J.F Lehman recommended stringent discipline and harsh treatments - Also wrote the first textbook inregards for treatmentof the mentally ill - 1840s-1880s when most of the formal asylums were first established, all of the jurisdictions could be characterized as having a need to develop separate facilities with better conditions for the mentally ill - The reform movement was led primarily by pioneers from Great Britain who influenced the design and construction of asylums - Contracting out systems whereby the king of France religious orders of French Roman catholic church to care of the mentally ill - Alberta was the last province to open an asylum for the insane, which meant that mentally ill people no longer had to be transported from Alberta to Manitoba - Private Lunatic asylums Act: Accommodate the weathly into public asylums - History of the development of institutions for the mentally disordered in Canada of two distinctive trends: 1) With advent of the asylusm provisions for the mentally ill were separate from provisions for the physically ill, indigents, and criminals - The process was segregated from the wider community ( Insituition/ and community were two
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