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PSYC85H3 (138)
Chapter 5

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michelle Hilscher

Chapter 5 Wundt and His ContemporariesWilhelm Wundt 18321920Born in Germany studied with Helmholtz and MullerFor a long time was famous for two things1Founded what is often called the first laboratory in experimental psychology in Leipzig 18792Laboratory attracted many young scholars that went on to produce psychology studies elsewhereBelieved that only the simplest of psychological processes reaction times could be studied with laboratory methods Other more complex processes language should be studied as they occurred naturallyTwo methods for the study of psychologyInvestigations in the LaboratoryExperimental method was derived from other disciplines especially chemistryHad been influenced by Mills ideas of mental of chemistry but believed that they could be studied by introspection looking inwards at our own mental processes Unlike MillIntrospection has been an issue in psychology because it isnt really a scientific method Even Wundt saw this so developed 2 methods1Selfobservation what everyone does and cannot be used for science due to personal bias2Inner perception involves deliberately observing ones own mental processes Had to be done under strictly controlled conditions Metronome experimentdont actually listen to the metronome Pay attention to the experience that it gives you Believed that rhythm is important to our lifestylebreathing heartbeat walking runningIllustrates the process of apperception our experience is not just the sum of individual impressions such as individual beats that we pay attention to but a creative synthesis through apperception our experience becomes a unified whole and not just a series of elementary sensations of these impressionsoWe apprehend things Apprehension process by which individual impressions enter ones consciousness Span of apprehension how many impressions we can be aware of at a timeApperception follows apprehension
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