Textbook Notes (368,150)
Canada (161,680)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYC85H3 (138)
G Cupchik (10)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6 Notes from Benjafield

2 Pages
Unlock Document

G Cupchik

Chapter 6 WILLIAM JAMES 1842-1910 -published ‘The Principles of Psychology’ The Principles of Psychology Habit -observed that humans are creatures of habit and that the formation of habits depends on plasticity -plasticity: the ability of an organism to alter its behaviour as circumstances change -one function of a habit is to make our behaviour more efficient, because once a behaviour has become habitual, we no longer need to pay as much attention to it -he regarded habit as a socially conservative force and called it ‘the great flywheel of society’ -without ingrained habits, society would be anarchic The Methods and Snares of Psychology -introspection: reporting what we discover after we look into our own minds -psychologist’s fallacy: to confuse ‘his own standpoint with that of the mental fact about which he is making his report’; no theory should stand between the psychologist and the observations they make -let the facts speak for themselves -he argued psychology was a natural science and that minds were objects in the natural world -wasnt much for experimental method, but believed in comparative methods: gathering data on other species and cultures to throw light on others -used the metaphor: ‘to convey an overall sense of complexity or potential richness without necessarily specifying precise’ relations between the phenomena under discussion -one of his metaphors was the stream of thought The Stream of Thought -‘thought’ here refers to all our experiences -five characteristic in the stream of thought, or stream of consciousness: 1) every thought tends to be a part of a personal consciousness -every thought I have is my thought, no one elses 2) within each personal consciousness thought is always changing -consciousness is never the same twice 3)within each personal consciousness thought is sensibly continuous 4) consciousness always appears to deal with objects independent of the self -‘I am the same that I am yesterday’ 5)it is interested in some parts of these objects to the exclusion of others, and welcomes or rejects- chooses from among them- all the while -many thing
More Less

Related notes for PSYC85H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.