Textbook Notes (362,768)
Canada (158,052)
Psychology (9,545)
PSYC85H3 (138)
Chapter 5


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Gerald Cupchik

CHAPTER 5: WUNDT & HIS CONTEMPORARIES WILLIAM WUNDT(1832) • Invented non-experimental approach “cultural psychology”, precursor to social psych • Founded first laboratory in experimental psychology • Believed only simple concepts could be understood in lab, complex concepts could only be understood by observing them as they occurred naturally in world • Introspection: self-observation: casually engaged in by everyone, has much bias Inner Perception: deliberate observation of one’s own mental processes still subjective so used controlled setting of lab to run experiments • Metronome experiment: emphasise only every second beat, consciousness is rhythmically disposed—difficult to hear unrhythmically • Apperception: organize and make sense of out experience Creative Synthesis: through apperception, experiences become unified and whole—not just series of individual sensations (TAT) • Apprehension: process where individual impressions enter one’s consciousness—span of apprehension: how many impression someone could hold in their consciousness at once (STM—digit span) • Apperception, apprehension, emotion= centre features of mental life • After hearing a beat you anticipant the next one—tension. Hearing it—relief. Slow metronome= depressed, fast= excited • Manipulating metronome led to sets of basic feelings • Tridimention theory of feeling: any feeling can be located within the 3D space • Emotions were centre part of all psychological processes • Close relationship between emotion and volition: acts of free will—when conflicting emotions, acts of will develop more slowly—voluntary acts • Wundt Curve: get most pleasure from moderate levels of stimulus intensity/novelty, with repetition the stimulus becomes more familiar and less intense, less pleasure. Inverted parabola • Psychophysical parallelism: differed from Fechner, mental structures understood in their own laws of combinations, not just mental event-physical process. Mental events couldn’t be entirely explained as physical • Cultural Psychology aka folk or volkerpsycholgie: study of mental products created by community of human life, so can’t be examined in isolation as it is a product of culture • General idea (music is loud)->divided into subpart: predicate (l
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