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Lecture and textbook notes on Sikhism

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Henry Shiu

RLGA01H 2010-10-19 SIKHISM Religious History Eastern religion closest to also being considered a Western religion Comes close to Islam but originates, in parts, from Hinduism with similarities Arose sometime around the 15 century as a result of the conflicts between Islam and Hinduism Great thinkers attempted to merge these two religions into one (OUTSIDER view) Developed in an area call Punjab Lies in the NW part of India Historically, an area with many conflicts between Hinduism and Islam At a time when India was not yet conquered by the Muslims Since the 10 century CE, much of N India came under Muslim rule Conquest was the most devastating to Buddhists forced to practice Islam or give up their practice Many Buddhists therefore escaped India to neighbouring countries Muslims ruled over 500 years The Mughal Empire controlled northern and central India from 1526 to 1707 CE Seen as the second era of Muslim rule In the 1 century, the rule was peaceful; giving rise to Indo-Islamic culture in architecture and fine arts In this second era, there were a lot of cultural exchanges in a way that allowed peaceful coexistence, communication, and respect between the two religions Possibly because of the interesting development of the religions, art, and architecture Taj Mahal exhibits both Hindu and Islam elements Both Hinduism and Islam share n appreciation for religious devotion and the attainment of mystical states There are also many elements between the two that are similar Religions that focus on meditation andas prayer The reports of their respective mystical states appear to be very similar in terms of the experience itself In Hinduism: devotees of the bhakti yoga In Islam, there was Sufism; the Islamic mystical tradition (some believed was earlier inspired by Hinduism) Both religions recognize the important role of a spiritual masterteacher There was no N Indian Sant tradition Sant carrying the meaning of holy ascetic, truth, or saint A tradition through which some holy ascetic in the past left for future generations A very specific form of practice that carries both Islamic and Hindu elements Before Sikhism, this Sant tradition was already trying to meld the two religions Three Elements contributed to the rise of the Sant tradition 1. Bhakti or devotional practice (from both H and I) 2. Tantric yoga (mainly from H) 3. Sufism (mainly from I) There were many influential Sant poets followers were asked to follow along Namdec, Ravidas, Kabir 1 www.notesolution.com
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