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Chapter 4

Chapter 4: Christian Traditions

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University of Toronto Scarborough
David Perley

Christian Traditions 1/17/2012 7:30:00 AM Traditions at a Glance  1.5 billion Christians worldwide  Mostly live in Europe, the Americas, Australian, New Zeland and some parts of Africa.  Founded by the followers of Jesus of Nazareth on the basis of his teachings and resurrection.  There is only one God.  The bible consists of the Old and New Testament. Origins  The Life of Jesus o Very little is known about Jesus before he was the age of 30.  Luke and Matthew talk about his birth in the small town of Bethlehem, just outside of the town that he was raised in. It was a tiny Jewish village in a mostly Greek- speaking area.  We assume that he became a carpenter like his father.  We only have one story from his youth. At the age of 12 he is said to have become obsessed with talking about the problems with Jewish law.  He was baptized (sprinkling with or immersion in water. The ritual by which a person is initiated into membership in the Christian community. It is considered a cleansing from sin) by his older cousin John the Baptist, during which he sees the heavens open and the holy spirit descending. He interprets this as a call to being a prophet, so he goes to hide in the forest where Satan has several attempts at tempting him, which he refuses. After this he goes to see his mom. He goes to a synagogue and tells everyone that he is the last prophet.  Jesus recruited 12 male disciples, who were mostly fishermen before. The number 12 is significant to Hebrews as it signals a complete set. He also attracts a number of female followers.  Mary Magdalene is probably the most important.  For the next couple of years Jesus and his disciples wanter around working miracles, teaching how to apply Jewish law to everyday life, and telling parables (stories about everyday life told to illustrate a point). He also talked about an apocalypse (Catalysmic events marking the transition form one era to another. A name of the last book of the New Testament, which describes such events) which will lead to a new era of peace and righteousness. His main venues were synagogues or peoples homes but sometimes he would talk to larger groups.  On the Sunday before Passover, he fulfills a prophecy by riding into town on a donkey. The people honor him by placing palm leaves on the road before he rides by.  After this he is arrested for claiming to be the „King of the Jews‟. He was executed on a hill named Golgotha, he was nailed to a cross and let to die.  Two days after his death, a group of women go to the tomb where his body was placed, and it was empty. It became Christian belief that he was resurrected to be at the right hand of God in heaven.  Christ: From the Greek Chritos, a translation of the Hebrew work for messiah, „anointed‟.  The Gospels and Jesus o Mark claims that a Roman soldier says “Truly this was a son of God” as Jesus takes his last breath. This is relevant because soon after Jesus‟ death Christian
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