Textbook Notes (368,720)
Canada (162,105)
Religion (74)
RLGA02H3 (39)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

David Perley

Chapter 1 Few concepts shared by all human cultures related to religion: powerful gods, sacred places, a life of some kind after death, the presence in the physical world of spirits that interact with humans in various ways Three Worlds  The world consisting of three levels: sky, earth, and underworld  Sky: considered the home of the greater deities  Earth: the intermediate level where humans lived  Underworld: the spirits of serpents or reptilian monsters; thought to be evil Sacred Places  High places: ppl gathered at these sites to win the favour of the deities by offering them food, drink, praise, and prayer Animal Spirits  Human tendency to attribute spirits to animals, either individually or as members of a family with a kind of collective guardian spirit. The 10 Waves Wave 1: Shamanism  Shaman: a kind of priest; aka medicine man, soul doctor, and witchdoctor  A person who acts as an intermediary b/w humans and the spirit world  Hunting Rituals o Ancient cave drawings depict hunting scenes in which a human figure seems to be performing a dance of some kind; a shaman performing a ritual either to ensure a successful hunt or to appease the spirits of the hunted species  Coping with Unfriendly Spirits o Spirits taken the form of monsters or mythical beasts  The Shaman o To communicate with the spirit world, the shaman enters a trance state o The shaman’s soul leaves his body and travels to the realms where the spirits live (ecstatic) OR o The Shaman calls the spirit into her own body and is possessed by it, taking on the voice and personality of the spirit, or mimic its way of moving o The Shaman then tells what he has learned about the problem and what should be done about it; usually to perform a ritual sacrifice of some kind Wave 2: Connecting to the Cosmos  The wave that inspired the building of the Stonehenge  Discerning the Cosmic Cycles o Priests tracked the seasons and determine the best time for seasonal activities such as planting o The horizon was divided into segments named after the planet or constellation associated with that section o What we now call astrology developed as a way of understanding the cycle of the seasons and how humans fitted into it, collectively and individually  Hilltop Tombs o Ancient cultures favoured high places as burial sites o Shafts extending from the burial chambers towards important stars connected the deceased with the cosmos  Animals and Gods o Associating certain animals with specific deities Wave 3: Temple Religion  Brought larger temples, more elaborate sacrificial rituals, and the development of a priestly class with unusual power, prestige, and wealth  Indo-European Priests o Term referring to langu
More Less

Related notes for RLGA02H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.