A prayer or a brief statement of Christian doctrinal belief dating from about the third century.
Ascribed to the apostles or first generation followers of Jesus. It is now often recited in unison by
congregation in services of worship.
Christ’s restoration of humanity to a right relationship with God, variously interpreted as divine
victory over demonic power, satisfaction of divine justice, or demonstration of a moral example.
According to Christians, the forgiving and pardoning of sin through the death of Jesus by his
crucifixion and his resurrection.
The suffering and crucifixion of Jesus on the cross. His crucifixion occurs on Good Friday, the
Friday of Holy week, the last week of lent. The remembering of the passion takes place from
noon until three in the afternoon on Good Friday, which is the same time of the crucifixion
according to the gospels (other than Mark). It symbolizes and honours Jesus’ sacrifice for
humanity and therefore represents the doctrine of Atonement; Jesus’ reconciliation of humanity’s
relationship with God through his death and humanity’s salvation from their sins.
Ritual actions performed by Christians as an oath of alliance to their religion. In the thirteenth
century a list of seven sacraments emerged that has remained standard for the Catholic tradition:
baptism, confirmation, the Eucharist, penance, anointing the seriously sick, ordination, and
marriage. According to Christians, it is an “outward and visible sign of an inward spiritual
The idea of God having three forms, as father, son and the Holy Spirit. The father being God in
the heaven, the son being Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit being a form of God that descended
upon Earth symbolized by a dove. The Holy Spirit is said to be what informed/impregnated
virgin Mary with the child. JUDAISM
In 586 BCE, the Babylonians invaded the Kingdom of Judah (the “southern kingdom”) centered
on Jerusalem and exiled its inhabitants. This was a traumatic event in Jewish history, as they
destroyed the political independence of the kingdom, along with its monarchy and the First
Temple of Jerusalem. The Babylonian exile lasted for about 50 years (586 – 539 BCE). They
were hoping that God would send down a Messiah to help them. Cyrus the Great conquered the
Babylonian kingdom and allowed all the Jews to come back and another temple was built. King
Cyrus was considered as the Messiah by many. The emerging of Synagogues can be traced back
to the exile because after the temple was rebuilt