Textbook Notes (369,069)
Canada (162,365)
Religion (74)
RLGA02H3 (39)
Chapter 1

RLGA02 - Chap1 textbook notes (with key terms highlighted)

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David Perley

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LOOKING BOTH WAYS Stonehengeone of several ancient rock structures thought to have been constructed for ritual purposesLooking Back from StonehengeThere are a few concepts shared by all human cultures that seem fundamental to what we call religion powerful gods sacred places a life of some kind after death the presence in the physical world of spirits that interact w humans Three Worldshumans have imagined the world to consist of 3 levelso Sky uppermost level considered home of the greatest deities Heavens highest level home of the highest deity male who was the forerunner of the god of the monotheistic religions o EarthWhere humans lived o UnderworldLived the spirits of serpents surviving as cobras or NAGASa mythical cobra living in the underworld associated with water and fertility in Indian religions or reptilian monsters bc they were associated with dark and hidden places usually imagined as evilSacred Placesthere are certain places where humans feel they are in the presence of some unusual energy and such places are treated with respect High Placessacred areas located on hill or mountain tops ie ancient Middle Eastplaces closest to skydwelling deities Animal SpiritsAttributing spirits to animals either individually or as members of a familyBody parts from the most impressive animals ie bulls bears lions have been used as power objects to help make contact with the spirits of these animals DeathBurialHumans have taken great care with the burial of their dead ie head facing east body positioned in a fetal position Most graves also contained grave goods of various kindsThe belief that deceased ancestors can play a role in guiding living members of their families is widespread examples o ObonJapanese festival honoring ancestors o Day of the DeadMexican festival honoring the dead o All Saints DayChristian festival honoring all the departed saints held in the West on Nov 1 o Halloweenpopular secular holiday held on Oct 31 originally celebrated as the eve of All Saints DayWhy are humans religiousReligion seems to grow out of human experiences fear of death and hope for a good afterlifeReligion has many emotional dimensions fear awe love hate but also intellectual dimensions
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