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Chapter 4

Chapter 4 text notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
David Perley

Christianity p. 166-175 Christians assert that in Jesus God reached out to conquer human weaknesses To be Christian = declare jesus the lord and savior of the world Jesus was the incarnate son of God ORIGIN The Life of Jesus Jesus was a carpenter or builder Childhood home was in Nazareth, tiny Jewish village, predominantly Greek- speaking northern region called gallileo Age of 12, after spending holiday is Jerusalem with his family, he became so absorbed in discussing the subtleties of Jewish law with the teachers at the temple that his family started home without him Baptism by his older cousin, John the Baptist, during which he sees the heavens open and the holy spirit descending like a dove o Interpretation: a call to prophecy or ministry, he withdraws into the wilderness on eastern side of Jordan River on a spiritual retreat o He is joined by Satan there who offers him a series of retreats but Jesus refuses On his return from the wilderness, Jesus goes to Capernaum (NW of Galilee) where his mother, Mary, now lives with other family members o They may have left Nazareth after the death of his father, Joseph After he returns from the wilderness, Jesus attend a synagogue service in Nazareth and volunteers to do a Torah reading o Passage speaks of a time when the lame shall walk and the blind will see o He declares that this prophecy is no fulfilled www.notesolution.com o Sets the stage for a series of miracles and at the same time underlines the idea that he has come to fulfill prophecies of the Hebrew bible Jesus recruits 12 male disciples, mostly fishermen o Attracts a number of women followers among them Mary Magdalene For the next yr, Jesus travels the region around Capernaum, working miracles, teaching how to apply Jewish law to everyday life, and telling parables, many of which point to an impending apocalypse that will lead to a new era of peace and righteousness he calls the kingdom of God Main venues = synagogues or private houses o Sometimes preaches to large crows, heal the blind and raise the dead When he goes to Jerusalem with his disciples for the high holy days around Passover, he causes a disturbance at the temple by accusing the money changers of cheating on the rate charged to exchange Greek and Roman coins for traditional Hebrew coins reqd to make offerings On Sunday before Passover, he fulfills another prophecy, by riding into town on a donkey o People honour him by placing palm leaves on road before he arrives and shouting praises o A few days later, while praying in a garden outside of Jerusalem, hes arrested by Roman soldiers and servants of the temple priest whose authority he had challenged o One disciple tries to resists, but Jesus tells him to put his sword away Taken first before Sanhedrin and then before the Roman Governor, Pontius Pilate, Jesus is accused of perverting the people and claiming to be the king of the Jews o Together with several condemned men, he is paraded through the streets of Jerusalem to the place of execution, a hill called Golgotha, where he is nailed to a cross and left to die o Two days later, on the morning following the Sabbath, some of his women followers go to the tomb where his body was placed on the Friday, only to find it empty www.notesolution.com
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