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Chapter 2

chapter 2- textbook main concepts

Course Code
David Perley

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RLGA02 – World Religions western traditions text book notes
Comes from the latin term religio- can be derived from religare: to bind or relegere: to go over
Mesopotamian phrase translates to fear of God”
Greek phrase: to honour the God’s by participating in customary practises
Egyptians described Herodotusas the most pious people of the ancient world- the true religious
practioners were those who met the standards of the book of the dead”
Antiquity/ the ancient world
The earliest historically documented civilization was = Sumerian people
Ziggurat = a temple tower understood to represent a stairway to heaven
Ahura Mazda = Lord Wisdom/ “Wise Lord”, the pre-eminent male divinity of early
Zoroastrianism. Later refer red to as Ohrmazd
Amun/Amun-Re = the principal Egyptian state God. Initially known as the hidden one
Anubis = the jackal-headed deity who was egypts principal funerary God dur ing the old kingdom
Aclepius = was a God of healing, worshipped throughout the classical Mediterr anean world. His
most important cult centres were at Epidarus in Greece and Pergamum in Asia Minor
Atrahasis = a long narrative poem from Mesopotamia, composed during the old Babylonian
period and named for its hero
Eleusinian mysteries = the tradition centred on the myth of Persephones abduction to the
underworld by Hades. Initiates took part in rituals designed to ensure a favourable stay in the
netherworld. It was non-exclusive, equally accepting of males, females, slaves and free citizens
Enuma Elish = the Mesopotamian creation epic, written in the late millennium BCE
Err a = Mesopotamian god of violence, responsible for wars and plagues
Hathor = Egyptian cow goddess associated both with creation (love, sex and fertility) and with
violent destructive power.
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