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Chapter 4

RLGA02H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Emerging Church, Crystallization, Asceticism


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley
Chapter
4

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Christianity
p. 166-175
Christians assert that in Jesus God reached out to conquer human weaknesses
To be Christian = declare jesus the lord and savior of the world
Jesus was the incarnate son of God
ORIGIN
The Life of Jesus
Jesus was a carpenter or builder
Childhood home was in Nazareth, tiny Jewish village, predominantly Greek-
speaking northern region called gallileo
Age of 12, after spending holiday is Jerusalem with his family, he became so
absorbed in discussing the subtleties of Jewish law with the teachers at the temple
that his family started home without him
Baptism by his older cousin, John the Baptist, during which he sees the heavens
open and the holy spirit descending like a dove
oInterpretation: a call to prophecy or ministry, he withdraws into the
‘wilderness on eastern side of Jordan River on a spiritual retreat
oHe is joined by Satan there who offers him a series of retreats but Jesus
refuses
On his return from the wilderness, Jesus goes to Capernaum (NW of Galilee) where
his mother, Mary, now lives with other family members
oThey may have left Nazareth after the death of his father, Joseph
After he returns from the wilderness, Jesus attend a synagogue service in Nazareth
and volunteers to do a Torah reading
oPassage speaks of a time when the lame shall walk and the blind will see
oHe declares that this prophecy is no fulfilled
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oSets the stage for a series of miracles and at the same time underlines the
idea that he has come to fulfill prophecies of the Hebrew bible
Jesus recruits 12 male disciples, mostly fishermen
oAttracts a number of women followers among them Mary Magdalene
For the next yr, Jesus travels the region around Capernaum, working miracles,
teaching how to apply Jewish law to everyday life, and telling parables, many of
which point to an impending apocalypse that will lead to a new era of peace and
righteousness he calls the kingdom of God
Main venues = synagogues or private houses
oSometimes preaches to large crows, heal the blind and raise the dead
When he goes to Jerusalem with his disciples for the high holy days around Passover,
he causes a disturbance at the temple by accusing the money changers of cheating on
the rate charged to exchange Greek and Roman coins for traditional Hebrew coins
reqd to make offerings
On Sunday before Passover, he fulfills another prophecy, by riding into town on a
donkey
oPeople honour him by placing palm leaves on road before he arrives and
shouting praises
oA few days later, while praying in a garden outside of Jerusalem, hes
arrested by Roman soldiers and servants of the temple priest whose authority
he had challenged
oOne disciple tries to resists, but Jesus tells him to put his sword away\
Taken first before Sanhedrin and then before the Roman Governor, Pontius Pilate,
Jesus is accused of perverting the people and claiming to be the king of the Jews
oTogether with several condemned men, he is paraded through the streets of
Jerusalem to the place of execution, a hill called Golgotha, where he is nailed
to a cross and left to die
oTwo days later, on the morning following the Sabbath, some of his women
followers go to the tomb where his body was placed on the Friday, only to find
it empty
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oOne account: An angel tells the women that God had raised him from the
death; in others he appears to the disciples himself
Christian belief: Jesus had been resurrected and had gone to sit at the right hand of
God in heaven, from where he would soon return to judge all persona and usher in
the kingdom of God
the son of man
oIn Hebrew lit: refer s to an agent of God who will usher in a new era of justice
and righteousness
oAramaic = Human
Christians believe Jesus to be the long-awaited messiah
Jesus the Christ aka Jesus Christ (Greek Christos= messiah)
The Gospels and Jesus
Within a generation of his death, his followers had decided that his message was not
for the Jews alone, and that anyone could become a Christian
Accounts of Jesus life known as gospels he performs miracles
He commands his followers to love their enemies as well as their friends, and
emphasizes forgiveness
More than 3 centuries later, when Christianity became the established religion of
the Roman Empire, church leaders made a list of writing they acknowledged to be
scripture
oStd list, or canon, of books and letters is what Christians know as the New
Testament
oIt includes the gospels attributed to four of Jesus disciples: Matthew, Mark,
Luke, and John
Mark
Simplest, shortest, most straightforward
Begins with mature ministry follow his baptism by John the Baptist, who prophesies
that Jesus will be far greater than John
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