Textbook Notes (363,006)
Canada (158,140)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA01H3 (480)
Mc Kinon (40)

max weber and more

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Mc Kinon

Politics1 Max Weber on Power Legitimacy and authorityin antiquity a messenger would come and tell the ruler of bad news and the ruler would say kill him kill the messengera Powersociologists disagree on how to define itdecides what society will do and where it is goingthe ability to achieve desired goals despite resistance Webercoercionusing force to get what you wantexercise of power is the business of gov state is made of of various institutions that create and carry out policiesregulates citizens in civil society the private spheres of lifethe ability to control others and dist of resourceswhen most ppl agree on raw power it becomes authority authority is legitimate power and institutionalizedrule of successionhow does somebody else take over powerelectionsb Legitimacypower becomes legitimized and then becomes authoritytransforming power into authority Webermost societies seek to transform power into authoritylegitimate powerin Egypt right now power lacks legitimacyc Authorityhow is power transformed into authority3 waysi Traditionalinherit authority through fam plant ties or monarchyson of king gets to be kingexceptionQueen Elizabethpre industrial pre modernpower legitimized for respect of long standing customs ppl consider social arrangements to be sacredfeudal europe called the arrangement of society the golden chain that is pre ordained by godThey are sacred monarchythe throne old monarchy today it is just constitutional no powerDevine Rights of Kingsking is gods representative on earthattempt to legitimized kingly powerchurch controlled the ceremony that made a king into a kingbreaks down with industrializationmodernizationsecularizationget a more diversity of outlooks under tradition most ppl have same viewsthinkingas cultural diversity sets in tradition breaks downtradition leads to rational legalin Cndprime ministers dont claim to rule by the grace of godno traditionin our politicsgovernor general is someone recommended by the prime minister by the queen doesnt really mean anything though a nod in the direction of traditiongov general opens parliament and performs traditional ceremoniesthe authority of parents over children is traditional time out of mindso long ago we cant remember when it startedpatriarchy is traditionalreligion is traditional authorityii Rational Legaltypical of modern societieslaws are said to be rational and laws govern how ppl can achieve transfer and use powerie elections every 5 yrs here applied equally to everybody at least in principle the law says that the law should be equally appliedin tradition the law is unequally applied in medieval england piers could be only be tried by his piers but commoners didnt have that rightif a pier was thrown into prison he could bring all his servants with him piers could not be imprisoned for debt why they had a hard time borrowing money from ppl bc of thisthey wouldnt pay the money back bc they knew they couldnt be punishedwhen authority becomes legal it becomes legitimized in the codification of the law an anglo fetish english were meticulous about codify lawconstitutions codify lawsevery citizen has fundamental rights like the right of assembly right of speech freedom of conscious religious beliefs are your own businessequality for the law has posed prob for political leadersClinton was impeached trying to prove that person is unfit for office by republicans on the basis that he broke a law when he lied under oath that he had sexual relations with monica lawinski and therefore needed to be punished according to the law the law applies equally to presidents as everyone elseRob lagouavichimpeached by a state legislature prime ministers and presidents are answerable to the law kings and queens werent saw themselves as above the lawaka Bureaucratic authority
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