SOCA01H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Social Forces, Class Consciousness, Harriet Martineau
Suicide appears to be an antisocial and non-antisocial act. Likely focus on individual"s state of mind rather than state of society. Emile durkheim: showed that suicide rates are strongly influenced by social forces. Examined association b/w rates of suicide and rates of psychological disorders for different groups. Reasoned that psychological disorders causes suicide when suicide rates are high w/ high psychological disorders, and low w/ low psychological disorders. Found more women than men in insane asylums but more men committed suicide than females. Jews had highest rate of psychological disorders but had lowest rates of suicide. Psychological disorders occurred at maturity but suicide rates increase w/ age. Argued that suicide rates varied as a result of social solidarity in different categories of the population. The more beliefs and values a group"s members share and the more frequently and intensely they interact, the more social solidarity the group has.