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SOCA01H3 (480)

Byrm 2nd Edition notes to the Social Interaction Chapter. Insanely helpful for studying.

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

Social Interaction J Brym Chapter 5 p. 135-155 What is Social Interaction? Social Interaction: the creation of a novel (new) way for people to communicate face to face, acting and reacting in relation to each other. Overview of example used in this section: o Airlines first opened during early 20s, hired cabin boys and stewards. o @ZL]LZZLZZ2}[2oZ]LZ7Kl]L2oo airlines identical. o Shortly after, they hired large numbers of women (stewardesses) as glamorous sex objects to lure more clientele and differentiate each other from their competition. The Structure of Social Interaction Status: recognized positions occupied by interacting people - Each person occupies many statuses: Status Set: the entire collection of statuses occupied by an individual Ascribed Status: involuntary status J status that one is born into Eg. Daughter Achieved Status: voluntary status J acquired on the basis of merit Eg. Flight Attendant Master Status: status that is most influential in ZZ]L2Z}L[Zo] at a given time Roles: Sets of expected behaviours (functions to perform) - While people occupy statuses, they perform roles Role Set: a cluster of roles attached to a single status Eg. Someone occupying a flight attendant status may play the roles of in- flight safety expert and server Norms: Generally accepted ways of doing things. Norms often change over time (How you go about carrying out these roles?) Prescriptive Norms: what a person is expected to do while performing a specific role Proscriptive Norms: what a person is expected not to do while performing a particular role www.notesolution.comExample the book goes in depth with, may or may not be exam material (skip if you want) Case Study: Stewardesses and Their Clientele Ellen Church J }o[Z]ZZZZ Main role to reassure apprehensive flyers they were in safe hands in the event of an emergency (flying much more dangerous back then) ^ZZZ[L]}KZZ]2L7ZZ}LZKo]LZ}lLL everyone wanted to fly with Braniff (airline company who introduced the idea) ]Z]L2o L ]}LZZ}L]L2ZZZZZ[ole as sex objects The Enforcement of Norms ]o]LZZ ]]LL} KLL}KZ]L]L2}ZZZZ[Zrole o The expectations of passengers helped reinforce those norms Until early 70s, could not be single or pregnant J had to be attractive, slim, good smile and achieve certain IQ Appear charming and solicitous (caring) - ,}Z]oo[}Z clientele Role Conflict and Role Strain Role Conflict: occurs when 2 or more statuses held at the same time place contradictory role demands on a person o @}[ZKoo]2ZLLZKZLZL Z}KZ}K and be motherswives which require considerable time at home Mom Flight Attendant Wife Demands and expectations placed on stewardesses in 60s maximized role strain Role Strain: occurs when incompatible role demands are placed on a person in a single status o Constantly having to be suggestive while also politely warding off unwantedcrude advances made the stewardess role very stressful Be suggestive < Stewardess > Be polite Change in Status From 50s to early 80s, stewardesses much like celebrities - glamorous But; the pay and housing conditions they got were poor Since that era, the status of stewardesses have changed into flight attendants In 60s and 70s, they won changes in rules regarding marriage, pregnancy, retirement and hiring of men www.notesolution.com
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