Textbook Notes (362,755)
Canada (158,052)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA01H3 (480)

5. Culture, War and Social Order.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Shelly Ungar

 Culture consists of shared symbols and their definition that people create to solve real-life problems  Symbol – are concrete things of abstract terms that represent something else Ex. Big mac to the Americans, Cows to Hindus and pigs to Muslims  What makes different cultures unique is their culture survival kit containing:  Abstraction – (construct) is the ability to create general concepts that organize concrete, sensory experience. Ex. The 4 legged thing we sit on needs a name so we call it chair  Cooperation – it is the capacity to create social life by establishing norms, and generally accepted ways to do things. Ex. beating kids and grounding them  Production – It’s the human capacity to make and use tools. It improves our ability to take what we want from nature  There are three types of Norms (Generally accepted way of doing things)(varies for different countries).  Folkways least important norms and least amount of punishment Ex. Walking topless is violating folkways norm  Mores are core norms that most people believe are essential for survival in the group Ex. Walking bottomless  Taboos are among the strongest norms. When violated punishment is severe. Ex. Incest  Language is the primary carrier of culture.  Ethnocentrism is the tendency for a person to judge other cultures  Canada is considered multicultural. The negatives of multicultural education:  Hurts students by forcing them to study things outside the non-core subjects  Results in more interethical (two of more cultures) conflicts  Multicultural education encourages too much cultural relativism (is the belief that all culture is the same) (opposite of ethnocentrism) not making cultures unique  The Rights Revolution is the process by which socially excluded groups struggled to win equal rights (Jews in during WWII)  Rites of passage – are cultural ceremonies that marks the transition from one stage of life to another (baptize, funeral and weddings)  Globalization – the process to combine the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture  This next part of culture is constraint, while the first is about freedom  Rationalize Is giving a good a reason, justification  Consumerism - a movement advocating (supporting) greater protection of the interests of consumers (Health Labels)  War – is a violent armed conflict between politically distinct groups who fight to protect or increase their control of territory (interstate wars and civil wars)  Risk of war varies from the type of government and the countries income (GDP)  When controlling the means of force in society interstate war was a norm to gain land and power. After WWII civil wars was the norm and civilian’s death dramatically increases 
More Less

Related notes for SOCA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.