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SOCA01H3 (480)
Chapter

11. Education & Social Stratification 2.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA01H3
Professor
Shelly Ungar
Semester
Fall

Description
 Schools accomplish two main tasks: Homogenizing and Sorting  Homogenize young people by socializing them into a shared culture  Sorting young people into different levels of certification and ultimately different social classes  Mass Education  Educational achievement – Is the learning of valuable skills and knowledge  Educational attainment – is the number of years of successfully completed or degrees or certificates earned  Higher the education the less chance of unemployment  Education is both a cause and effect of national wealth:  It causes by providing best human resources  It effects it because it requires a huge investment in time and money for education  Sociologists highlight four factors of rise in mass schooling:  1. The prices of books dropped  2. The Protestant reformation: Priest believed that the Bible and Church isn’t going to recruit Christianity instead need Priest to go out and educate people  3. Democracy: The rise of democracy led to free education for all children  4. Industrialization: With the highly productive economy, there is a need for people with higher education  Functions of Education  Latent functions:  Developing separating youth cultures (Who’s considered nerds and Jocks)  Marriage market – Bringing students together  Assortative Mating – Occurs when marriage partners are selected so that spouses are similar on various criteria of social rank (Choosing a wife with a similar class)  Manifest Function:  Logic of Industrialism – To maintain industrialism, education is needed (science and technology)  Cultural Homogeneity and Solidarity  Working towards cultural uniformity. Homogenize young people by socializing them into a shared culture (Basketball fan, Goth people)  Common School Standards  Teaching speaking at an educated level which prepares students for participation in an industrial economy  National Solidarity  Same as Cultural Homogeneity and Solidarity but at a national scale  Sorting into Classes (The Conflicts)  Meritocracy – A social hierarchy in which rank is allocated by fairly testing  Economic Barriers to higher education  Credentialism (authority) and Professionalism  Social Exclusion – creating barriers for self that restrict certain opportunities to members of one group (We have more money than others, lets also learn piano and karate)  Credential Inflation – Occurs when it takes ever more credential (authority) to qualify for particular jobs. Credentials in this case are like certificates  Credential inflation is caused
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