Textbook Notes (362,734)
Canada (158,032)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA01H3 (480)

12. Theories of Democracy & Sex.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Shelly Ungar

 Theories of Democracy  Functionalist  Pluralist Theory – Holds that power is widely dispersed (spread). As a result no group enjoys disproportionate influence, and decisions are usually reached through negotiation and compromise  Everyone is equal and no one party gets power more than others  Conflict Approaches  Elite Theory – Small elite group of most influential institutions make important decisions without public opinion  Ruling Class – Is a self-conscious, group of people in the elite position. They advance their common interests and corporate executives leads them  Marxist Rejoinders to Elite Theory  First, Members of wealthy families occupy important stat positions  Second, Governments officials rely mainly on representatives of big businesses for advice  Third, Political parties depend mainly on big businesses for financial support  Power Resource Theory  Holds that the distribution of power among major classes partly accounts for the success and failures of different political parties over long period of time  State-Centered Theory  Holds that the state itself can structure political life, to some degree, independently of the way power is distributed between classes and other groups at given time  Sex – Depends on whether you were born with male or female genitals  Intersex Infants – Babies born with an ambiguous (Unsure) genitals  Gender – Is your sense of being in male or female roles  Theories of Gender  Essentialism – School of thought that views gender differences as reflection of biological differences between women and men  Social Constructionism – Regards gender differences as constructed by social structures and cultures  Freud on Essentialism:  Children around 3 starts to pay attention to their genitals  Children around 3 gender differences in personality and behaviour starts to show  Girls go through a “Penis Envy” phase where she realized she doesn’t have a penis and wishes to be men. This is a start to development of gender and sexual identity  Sometimes a boy develops a sexual desire for own mother  The mass media and bod
More Less

Related notes for SOCA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.