Chapter 3

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Published on 1 Dec 2010
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA01H3
Professor
SOCA01 t CHAPTER 3
Culture is the sum of practices, languages, symbols, beliefs, values, ideologies, and material objects that
people create to deal with real-life problems. Cultures enable people to adapt to, and thrive in, their
environment
High culture if culture consumes mainly by upper classes (opera, ballet, etc.)
Popular culture (or mass culture) is culture consumes by all classes
Abstraction is the capacity to create general ideas or ways of thinking that are not lined to particular
instances t Ideas
Symbols are things that carry a particular meaning, including the components of language,
mathematical notations, and signs. Symbols allows us to classify experience and generalize from it
Cooperation is the capacity to create a complex social life by establishing generally accepted ways of
doing things and ideas about what is right and what is wrong t Norms and values
Norms are generally accepted ways of doing things
Values are ideas about what is right and wrong
Production is the human capacity to make and use tools. It improves our ability to take what we want
from nature t Material culture
Material culture comprises the tools and techniques that enable people to get tasks accomplished
Non-material culture is composed of symbols, norms, and other, intangible elements
Folkways are the least important norms and they evoke the least severe punishment
Mores (pronounced MOR-ays) are core norms that most people believe are essential for the survival of
their group or their society
Taboos are among the strongest norms. When someone violates a taboo is causes revulsion in the
community and punishment is severe
Sapir-Whorf Thesis
Experience
Verbalization (Language) Conceptualization (Thought)
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Document Summary

Culture is the sum of practices, languages, symbols, beliefs, values, ideologies, and material objects that people create to deal with real-life problems. Cultures enable people to adapt to, and thrive in, their environment. High culture if culture consumes mainly by upper classes (opera, ballet, etc. ) Popular culture (or mass culture) is culture consumes by all classes. Abstraction is the capacity to create general ideas or ways of thinking that are not lined to particular instances j ideas. Symbols are things that carry a particular meaning, including the components of language, mathematical notations, and signs. Symbols allows us to classify experience and generalize from it. Cooperation is the capacity to create a complex social life by establishing generally accepted ways of doing things and ideas about what is right and what is wrong j norms and values. Norms are generally accepted ways of doing things. Values are ideas about what is right and wrong.