SOCA01H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Penis Envy, Sexual Orientation, Talcott Parsons

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6 Feb 2015
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Intersexed: babies born w/ ambiguous genitals b/c of a hormone imbalance in the womb or some other cause. Theories of gender: essentialism: views gender as part of the nature or essence" of a person"s biological makeup, see gender differences as a reflection of biological differences b/w w & m, i. e. Functionalist theory: social constructionism: views gender as constructed" by social structure and culture, see gender differences as a reflection of the different social positions occupied by w & m. In functionalist view, learning the features of masculinity & feminity integrates society. Social constructionism & symbolic interactionism: essentialism is the view that mascu & femini are inherent & universal traits of men & women. Gender segregation and interaction: sociologist barrie thorne found that contests, chasing games, & other activities involved self-segregation of boys & girls; yet many cases were boys n girls played together.

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