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SOCA01H3 (480)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA01H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 10Race and EthnicityDefining Race and EthnicityThe Great Brain Robbery Doctor Samuel George Morton collected brains from different ethnicitiesPacked bbsized shot into a skull until it was full and was able to compared brain sizesHe announces that whites had the largest followed by Asians and leaving blacks at the bottomClaimed to show that the system of social inequality had natural biological rootsHis ideas used to justify colonization and slavery3 main issues compromise his findings o can not differ between white and black skulls o study was on too small a sample of 72 skulls o 71 of skulls he said were black were female naturally smallerScientifically speaking Mortons findings are meaningless Race Biology and SocietyPeter Sadiford argued that Canada be selective on the immigrants it lets inIQ tests were given and he encouraged the recruitment of British German and Danish peopleHowever Japanese and Chinese had the highest scoring which he did not expect so he dismissed it as a few clever AsiansSimilarly in the states Jewish and African people had lower scoresArgued that if had better schooling and opportunity scores would increaseStill no strong evidence that racial differences in IQ scores is biologically basedSame goes for athletic capability Africans being better at basketballPrejudice is an attitude that judges a person on his or her groups real or imagined characteristicsDiscrimination is unfair treatment of people because of their group membershipEncourages black people that they will make it in sports instead of achieving academic excellence Interracial marriages rising Races are not so clear cut with many mixed racesRacea social construct used to distinguish people in terms of one or more physical markers usually with profound effects on their livesScapegoat is a disadvantaged person or category of people that others blame for their own problemsRace helps create and maintain systems of social inequality
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