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Chapter 5

Sociology Chapter 5.doc

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Sociology Chapter 5 Interaction and organizationHow could Germans murder so many people in WW2 why did victims going to concentration often not fight backnonsociological reason Nazis were evil sadistic or deluded enough to think Jews and other undesirables threatened existence of Germans therefore in their mind the innocents had to be killedSociologist emphasizes 2 other factors1 Structures of authority tend to render people obedientEx Milligram experimenter expectancies from notes People were to administer shock every time person gets wrong answer they didnt know that this person was an actor encouraged by testers to do so even though didnt want to allowed to stop at anytime but most continued to shock at high levelsexperiment shows that structure of authority is introduced we are inclined to obey those in powereven if authority structure is new and highly artificial if we are free to walk away from in without penalty if we think that remaining in it is causing pain to othersActions and inactions of German citizens become more understandable if no more forgivable2 Bureaucracies are highly effective structures of authorityNazis were bureaucratically organized therefore more effectiveBureaucracy large impersonal organization composed of many clearly defined positions arranged in hierarchy has permanent salaried staff or qualified experts and written goals rules and proceduresstaffs always try to find ways of running organization more efficientlyefficiency achieving goals at least costjobs were broken down to many for Nazis to be more efficientfactors account for variations in Jew victimization rates across Europe in WW21 Bureaucratic organization more Jews killed where bureaucracy was best organized2 Why did Jews sometimes not fight back bc they had few resources to do soJews with resources did fight with Nazis only in camps where Jews lacked means of resistance is where they fearfully compliedSocial Interaction involves people communicating face to face acting and reacting in relation to other peopleStructured around 3 elements each person engaged in SI tend to adhere to specific norms or generally accepted ways of doing things each person acts according to demands of particular role or set of expected behaviors each person assumes certain status or recognized pattern in interactionsocial groups clusters of people who identify with each other and adhere to defined norms roles and statusesusually distinguished from social categories people who share similar status but do not identify with each otherprimary groups norms roles statuses agreed upon but are no set down in writingSI leads to strong emotional ties extends over long periodinvolves wide range of activitiesresults in group members knowing each other well family is most important primary groupSecondary groups larger and more impersonal than primary groupcreates weaker emotional ties extends over shorter period involves narrow range of activitiesresults in most group members have mostly acquaintance relation with each other ex This classbureaucracy is secondary groupThree modes of social interactionThree ways of maintaining socialization and therefore cementing society by means of domination competition and cooperationInteraction as competition and Exchangemaintaining interaction and maintaining a relationship required needs of both parties for attention is met
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