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Socialization TB Notes.docx

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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SOCA01Lecture 4 notesAspects of socializationPrimary socializationRene Spitz studydid a study in an orphanage children have minimum human contactresults during primary socializationthey dont rely on others they become distant and remote and noncommunicativehas physical consequences the link bw mind and body is a factex if people who are sick believe that they are going to get better very often they do get betterreason why faith healing worksmore infection higher death rates slower maturation possibility of impaired sexual functioning upon maturity have profound effect on intimate human contact later in lifeprimary socialization begins at birth by parents who pass on cultural knowledgesiblings can also play a partSpitzprimary socialization important for emotional adjustment later in lifeif child is socially handicapped there is usually violence at hometherefore they tend to use violence in adulthood as a response to violence during socializationchildren who are praised encouraged and complimented are more likely to be adjusted than those who are put downdestroys self esteemeducational theorists say you should give students an A or they will lose selfesteemselfesteem movement should not insulate children from failure bc it is a fact of life when does primary socialization endparental influence begins to decrease once children enter school but still continues to a lesser extentHistorychildren were expected to conform to adult normschild labourwork at 5 full time by 10 marriage by 16childhood is a new ideachildren in the past were miniadults and expected to be capable of behaving like adults when that didnt happen children were punished harshlymodern view is differentchildren are incapable of behaving like adultsPIAGEtheory of socializationsays children cannot behave like adults harsh punishment of children today is discouragedideas of adolescence are also new termsin traditional societies when you became physically mature you marriedbc lifespan wasnt long in those societies Secondary socializationchild has other influences in lifebegins w schooldifferent ways of thinking are introduced
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