Textbook Notes (363,519)
Canada (158,391)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA01H3 (480)

Families Textbook.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Nuclear family consists of a cohabiting man and woman who maintain a socially approved sexual relationship and have at least one child A traditional nuclear family is a nuclear family In which the husband works outside the home for money and the wife works without pay in the home Making the male the primary provider and ultimate authority In the second half of the twentieth century the percentage of women betweenthe ages of 15 and 64 in the paid labour force increased from around 25 percent to 71 percent close to the percentage for men rise of the working mother Functionalists say rising rates of crime illegal drug use poverty and welfare dependency can be traced to the fact that so many Canadian children are not living in two parent household with stay at home mothers The diversity of family forms is increasing as people accommodate new social pressures sociologists also say that changing family forms do not necessarily represent deterioration in the quality of peoples livesFunctional theory Functionalists view that the nuclear family performs five main functions It provides a basis for regulated sexual activity economic cooperation reproduction socializationteaching the young to maturity teaching them language values bleiefes skills religion and emotional support Pologamy expands the nuclear family horizontally by adding one or more spouses usually women to the household still legal in less industrialized countries of Africa and asia The extended family expands the nuclear family vertically by adding another generationone or more of the spouses parentsto the household Marriage is a socially approved presumably long termsexual and economic union between a man and a woman It involves reciprocal rights and obligations between spouses and between parents and childrenThe Canadian Middle Class in the 1950sAfter World war 2 the socialization and emotional functions of the family were now the most important when the womens employment rate was rising it was said to be a diseasemenace because most women spent time after marriage raising children By the mid 1950semployment and personal income reached all time highs Divorce rate is the number of divorces that occur in a year for every 1000 people in the population rose post 1950 Marriage rate is the number of marriages that occur in a year for every 1000 people in the population fell past 1950
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