SOCA01H3 Chapter 1: A Sociological Compass

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Social solidarity refers to: the degree to which group members share beliefs and values, the intensity and frequency of their interaction, durkheim expected: high-solidarity groups to have lower suicide rates than low-solidarity groups did. Durkheim argued: the suicide rate declines and then rises as social solidarity increases: altruistic suicide in high solidarity settings. Example: soldiers who knowingly give up their lives to protect comrades: egoistic/anomic suicide in low solidarity settings. Egoistic suicide results from the poor integration of people into society because of their weak social ties to others. Example: someone who is unemployed has weaker social ties, and is thus more likely to commit suicide than someone who employed. Anomic suicide occurs when vague norms govern behaviour. Example: in a society lacking a widely shared code of morality. Durkheim: suicide varies with the degree of integration of the social groups of which the individual forms a part .

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