Textbook Notes (378,525)
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UTSC (19,212)
Sociology (1,063)
SOCA01H3 (481)
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Chapter 4

Brym_Ch4

11 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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Chapter 4: Socialization
Social Isolation & the Crystallization of Self Identity
Wild boy of Aveyron [was isolated from humans, and thus, abnormal]
Suffer from congenitally subnormal intelligence
oUncertain how much or what type of social control they had before
Socialization: process by which ppl learn their culture
oUnleashes human potential
oThey do so by:
1. Entering and disengaging from a succession of roles
2. Becoming aware of themselves as they interact with others
Role: the behaviour expected of a person occupying a particular position
Rene Spitz: did natural experiment:
oChildren raised in prisons vs. Those raised in an orphanage
oPrison children had normal growth; orphans growth was much slower
oConcluded childhood socialization is important in making us fully human
w/o childhood socialization, human potential remains undeveloped
adolescence: turbulent period of rapid self development
agents of socialization: families, schools, peer groups, mass media
Theories of Childhood Socialization
Freud
founder of psychoanalysis
theory: self emerges during early social interaction and early childhood experience
exerts a lasting impact on personality development
SocioNotes1
| Chapter 4
www.notesolution.com
Self Image/ Sense of Self: set of ideas and attitudes abt who they are as independent
beings
oSelf imagine begins to emerge as soon as ids demands are denied
Child eventually develops a sense of what constitutes appropriate behaviour
Unconscious: part of self that contains repressed memories we are not aware of
oEmergence of superego is painful/frustrating process
oRepressed memories influence emotions/actions even after they’re stored
away
oPainful instances of childhood repression may cause psychological problems
oRequiring therapy to correct
oSome repression is the cost of civilization
When ego fails to balance the needs of id and the superego, indi develop personality
disorders
Components of the Well Adjusted Self [Freud]:
SocioNotes2
| Chapter 4
EGO:
SUPEREGOID:
www.notesolution.com
CRITICISM of Freuds argument:
o1. The connection b/w early childhood development and adult personality are
more complex than Freud assumed
Failed to anticipate that depth, problem solving ability, maturity
might derive from painful experiences
o2. Gender bias in Freuds analysis of male and female sexuality
Freud: normal women are immature n dependent on men b/c they
envy male sexual organ
Classified mature and independent women as abnormal
o3. For neglecting socialization AFTER childhood
Freud: believed human personality is fixed at abt age 5
WRONG! Socialization continues throughout the life course
Cooleys Symbolic I nteractionism
Charles Horton Cooley:
oIntroduced idea of the looking glass self
oFounder of symbolic Interactionism
oObserved that when we interact with others, they gesture and react to us
Allows us to imagine how we appear to them
We then judge how others evaluate us
From these judgements, we develop a self concept or a set of
feelings/ideas of who we are
SocioNotes3
| Chapter 4
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 4: Socialization Social Isolation & the Crystallization of Self Identity Wild boy of Aveyron [was isolated from humans, and thus, abnormal] Suffer from congenitally subnormal intelligence o Uncertain how much or what type of social control they had before Socialization: process by which ppl learn their culture o Unleashes human potential o They do so by: 1. Entering and disengaging from a succession of roles 2. Becoming aware of themselves as they interact with others Role: the behaviour expected of a person occupying a particular position Rene Spitz: did natural experiment: o Children raised in prisons vs. Those raised in an orphanage o Prison children had normal growth; orphans growth was much slower o Concluded childhood socialization is important in making us fully human wo childhood socialization, human potential remains undeveloped adolescence: turbulent period of rapid self development agents of socialization: families, schools, peer groups, mass media Theories of Childhood Socialization Freud founder of psychoanalysis theory: self emerges during early social interaction and early childhood experience exerts a lasting impact on personality development SocioNotes1 Chapter 4 www.notesolution.com Self Image Sense of Self: set of ideas and attitudes abt who they are as independent beings o Self imagine begins to emerge as soon as ids demands are denied Child eventually develops a sense of what constitutes appropriate behaviour Unconscious: part of self that contains repressed memories we are not aware of o Emergence of superego is painfulfrustrating process o Repressed memories influence emotionsactions even after theyre stored away o Painful instances of childhood repression may cause psychological problems o Requiring therapy to correct o Some repression is the cost of civilization When ego fails to balance the needs of id and the superego, indi develop personality disorders Components of the Well Adjusted Self [Freud]: EGO: SocioNotes2 ID:SU REG Chapter 4 www.notesolution.com
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