Textbook Notes (363,082)
Canada (158,181)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA01H3 (480)
Mc Kinon (40)
Chapter 4


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Mc Kinon

Chapter 4: Socialization Social Isolation & the Crystallization of Self Identity Wild boy of Aveyron [was isolated from humans, and thus, abnormal] Suffer from congenitally subnormal intelligence o Uncertain how much or what type of social control they had before Socialization: process by which ppl learn their culture o Unleashes human potential o They do so by: 1. Entering and disengaging from a succession of roles 2. Becoming aware of themselves as they interact with others Role: the behaviour expected of a person occupying a particular position Rene Spitz: did natural experiment: o Children raised in prisons vs. Those raised in an orphanage o Prison children had normal growth; orphans growth was much slower o Concluded childhood socialization is important in making us fully human wo childhood socialization, human potential remains undeveloped adolescence: turbulent period of rapid self development agents of socialization: families, schools, peer groups, mass media Theories of Childhood Socialization Freud founder of psychoanalysis theory: self emerges during early social interaction and early childhood experience exerts a lasting impact on personality development SocioNotes1 Chapter 4 www.notesolution.com Self Image Sense of Self: set of ideas and attitudes abt who they are as independent beings o Self imagine begins to emerge as soon as ids demands are denied Child eventually develops a sense of what constitutes appropriate behaviour Unconscious: part of self that contains repressed memories we are not aware of o Emergence of superego is painfulfrustrating process o Repressed memories influence emotionsactions even after theyre stored away o Painful instances of childhood repression may cause psychological problems o Requiring therapy to correct o Some repression is the cost of civilization When ego fails to balance the needs of id and the superego, indi develop personality disorders Components of the Well Adjusted Self [Freud]: EGO: SocioNotes2 ID:SU REG Chapter 4 www.notesolution.com
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