Chapter 1: A Sociological Compass
Social Solidarity: refers to the degree to which group members share beliefs and
values, and the intensity and frequency of their interaction.
Strong social bonds decrease the probability that a person will commit suicide if
Social Structures: are relatively stable patterns of social relations.
Microstructures: are the patterns of relatively intimate social relations formed
during face-to-face interaction. Families, friendship circles, and work associations
are all examples of microstructures.
Macrostructures: are overarching patterns of social relations that lie outside and
above your circle of intimates and acquaintances. Macrostructures include classes,
bureaucracies, and power systems such as patriarchy.
Patriarchy: is the traditional system of economy and political inequality between
men and women.
Global Structures: are patterns of social relations that lie outside and above the
national level. They include international organizations, patterns of worldwide
travel and communication, and the economic relations between countries.
Sociological Imagination: is the quality of mind that enables a person to see the
connection between personal troubles and social structures.
Scientific Revolution: began around 1550, it encouraged the view that sound
conclusions about the workings of society must be based on solid evidence, not just
Democratic Revolution: began around 1750, it suggested that people are
responsible for organizing society and that human intervention can therefore solve
Industrial Revolution: often regarded as the most important event in world
history since the development of agriculture and cities, refers to the rapid economic
transformation that began in Britain in the 1780s. It involved the large scale