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Chapter 10

Chapter 10 Notes


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon
Chapter
10

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Chapter 10: Race and Ethnicity
Morton: his research had profound sociological implications; for he claimed that the system of
social inequality in North America had biological roots.
Prejudice: is an attitude that judges a person on his or her groups real or imagined
characteristics.
Discrimination: is unfair treatment of people because of their group membership.
Race: is a social construct used to distinguish people in terms of one or more physical markers,
usually with profound effects on their lives.
Scapegoat: is a disadvantaged person or category of people that others blame for their own
problems.
Ethnic Group: comprises people whose perceived cultural markers are deemed socially
significant. Ethnic groups differ from one another in terms of language, religion, custms, values,
ancestors, and the like.
Vicious Circle of Racism:
1) Physical Markers: used to distinguish groups and create social inequality based on
race by means of colonialism, slavery, etc.
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