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SOCA01H3 (480)


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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Chapter 5: Social Interaction Social Interaction: the creation of a novel way for ppl to communicate face to face, acting, & reacting in relation to each other The Structure of Social Interaction 1. Status o Recognized positions occupied by interacting people o Each person occupy >1 statuses [ex. Wife/mother/flight attendant] o Status set: entire ensemble of statuses occupied by 1 individual o Ascribed status: involuntary status [ex-daughter] o Achieved status: voluntary status [ex-accountant] o Master status: status that is MOST INFLUENTIAL in shaping a persons life @ given time 2. Roles o Sets of expected behaviours o Ppl occupy statuses, perform roles o Role set: cluster of roles attached to a single status i. Ex) flight attendant role as server, in flight safety expert 3. Norms o Generally accepted ways of doing things o Prescriptive: suggest what is expected to do while performing a role o Proscriptive: suggest what is expected NOT to do while performing a role o Norms often change over time, some universal, some differ from situation to situation, and role to role In Flight Safety Expert Status Set In Flight Intimate Role Set Flight Companion Server attendant Wife Emotional Support Home Mother Owner Provider 1 Medical Caregiver Socionotes | Chapter 5 Case Study: Stewardesses Changing Roles: o Stewardesses used to have nurse-like uniforms o Uniform changed to ones done by fashion designers o Movies/books solidified stewardesss role as sex objects Ex) Boeing Boeing [movie], Coffee Tea or Me [book] Enforcement of Norms: o Ex) had to be single [until 1968] o Could not be pregnant [until 1970] o Had to be attractive, have a good smile, achieve certain IQ o Retirement age of 32 o Have certain look; slim, wholesome o Had to wear girdles o Expected to be charming and solicitous at all times Role Conflict & Role Strain o Role Conflict: when 2 or more statuses held at the same time place contradictory role demands on a person o Role Strain: when incompatible role demands are placed on a person in a single status Role Conflict Role Strain Wife Be Suggestive Stewardess Be Polite Mother Flight Attendant What Shapes Social Interaction? Norms, roles, & statuses are building blocks of face to face communication Just as building blocks need cement to hold them together, norms, roles, & statuses require social cement How is social interaction maintained? 2 o Ways: cement by means of domination, competition, & cooperation Socionotes | Chapter 5The Sociology of Emotions Laughter and Humour Research Results: o Speakers laugh more than listeners do o Women laugh more than men in everyday conversations o Biggest discrepancy when speaker women; listener men o Men get more laughs since women laugh more o Ppl w/ higher status get more laughs, ppl w/ lower status laugh more downward humour o Laughter often is a signal of dominance or subservience Much social interaction take place among status equals o Often direct humour at perceived social inferiors Ex: While Americans joke about Black, English laugh at Irish, French at Belgians Put down: joke about a socially marginal & powerless group o Ex) Alzheimers disease Jokes invert or pervert reality o Let us see beyond the serious, taken for granted world o Enable us to see the structure of society that lies beneath our laughter Emotion Management Argument: Emotions are like a common cold, just happens to us o An external disturbance causes a reaction that we experience involuntarily o External disturbance may involve exposure to a particular virus tha
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