Textbook Notes (368,432)
Canada (161,877)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA01H3 (480)
Chapter 1


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Sheldon Ungar

Chapter 1 • Emile Durkeim: social forces are the reason for sucide rates • Sucide rates are not due to psychological disorders • i.e. Jewish people have high psychololgical disorder but very low sucide rates • Married adults are half as likely as unmarried adults to commit sucide Canada • In france, youth had low sucide rates, not is is higher • This is because SOCIALSOLDARITY decreased in canada, this because • Religious temple attedance is down, especially for youth • Unemployment is up for the youth • Unemployment rate is twice as high for those <25, than over 25 • Divorce rates have gone up, children are more likely to be born out of wedlock Sucide and the inny of labrador • Aborginal people have the highest rates of sucide • Among the innu, the sucide rate is nearly 13 times the rate for all canadians • Innu live in newfoundland and labrador, after they offically became provinces, they wanted to take over Innu land to ecoourage economic development • they forced the native people to resettlement into more permament settments(Sheshatshui and Davis Inlet) • In the new settlements, they were forced not to practice thier religion, give up their language, beaten if they did not go to church • They got into drugs.Alcohol abuse • Innu that have returned to their land: improved health, stopped in drug abuse, sucide was unknown • unforunately NFLgovernment doesn't want them to return, the lower churchhill falls hydroelectric project and the voisey's bay nickel mine(worlds biggest deposit of nickel) are located in the middle of their hunting/burial grounds • Innu are attempting to regain thier land From personal troubles to social structures Social structures: relativly stable patterns of social relations 3 types Micro -intimate social relations -formed during face to face interaction -families/friendship/work associations -”weak friendships/aquitance” can give you access to job opporuntities, Macro • Patriarchy, class relations, bureaucracies • social relationships outside friends/acquitance Global • Economic relations between countries • international organizations, patterns of worldwide travel and communication The Sociological Imagination • Mills talked about sociological imagination • It is the quality of mind that enables a person to see the connection between personal troubles and social structures Origins of the Sociological Imagination • Scientific Revolution: • using evidence to make a case for a pariticular point of view • Democratic Revolution • suggested that people are responsible for organizing society and that human intervention can therefore solve social problems • if people could change society, then a science of society could help them improve it • Industrial Revolution • People lost faith in their religions, reacted to the filth and poverty of their existence with a strikes, crimes, revolutions, and wars • ppl moved from countryside to city, worked agonzingly long hours in crowded and dangerous mines and factories • Gave social thinks with a host of pressing social problems crying out for a solution Theory , Research, Values • August compte wanted to take society in a scientific way but he was a conservative thinker, and opposed the industrial revolution • he wanted to maintain traditional values • Thus scienitic method of research and a vision of the ideal society were evident in sociology at its origins ◦ He also cointed the term sociology • Compte never conducted research, nor did the second founder of sociology, herbert spencer • Herbert spencer coined the term social dwarinism, and believed that social inequalitied need to exist to “evolve” • Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber: tension between importance of science and a vision of the ideal society in the work of the three giants Theory • Tentative explanations of some aspect of social life that state how and why certain facts are related • i.e solidarity and sucide Research • Process of systmatically observing reality to assess the validity of a theory • Sociologists values shape their theories Functionalism • 4 Main themes of functionalism ◦ 1)stable patterns of social relations govern human relations(behaviour) ◦ social structure maintain or undermine social stability ◦ Social structures emphaize that social structures are based mainly on shared values or preferences ◦ re-establishing equilbarium can solve most social problems ◦ i.e if more ppl could agree about wanting less, social solidarity would rise In NorthAmerica • Talcott parsons was the foremost NorthAmerican proponet of functionalism • Proposed that societies will well intergrated and that when the family sucessfully raises new generation, the miltary will defend better, etc • He was critized for excharagting the degree to which members share common values and how social instuitions contribute to social harmony • Robert Merton(another functionist in NA) to propose that social structures have differnet outcomes for differnt groups of people(Manifest vs latent) Conflict Theory • emphazises conflict in social life • Generally emphazises macro level • conflict theory shows how major patterns of inequality in society produce social stability in some circumstances and so
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