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Canada (161,799)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA01H3 (480)
Chapter 4

chapter 4 soca01

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Sociology Chapter 4; Socialization Social Isolation and the Crystallization of Self-Identity Children that are isolated from the human world tend to have many problems. o They rarely develop normally; cant make intimate relationships and can usually only maintain basic language skills. o Some are abused meaning their conditions may not only be due to social factors. o Ability to adapt to human world and learn their culture may be difficult and is only a potential. Socialization how one learns about their culture and how they discover themselves as they interact with others; including the norms, values, and roles. Role the behavior that is expected of someone that belongs to a particular position in society. RenSpitz. o Discovered the significance of socialization. o Compared children brought up in an orphanage with those that were raised in a prison nursing home. Both provided good health care. Mothers cared for the children in the home; only 6 nurses to 45 children in the orphanage. Children from orphanage had less social experiences than those that resided in the nursing home. Children from the nursing home had the advantage of being able to witness the people they were around (i.e. mothers, doctors, nurses) doing different things (talking, cleaning, serving, providing medical care). Children from the orphanage were sheltered from viewing the activities that were done in the orphanage. Social deprivation. www.notesolution.com Made children less demanding. Orphans had higher death rate and were more likely to get infected by the age of 9-12 months. Nursing home children able to walk and talk by the age of 23 (fewer than 8 % of the orphans were able to do the same). Normal children would play with their genitals after their first year, orphans started after their 4th Without childhood social development, human potential will remain underdeveloped. o Many people are able to reminisce on certain childhood memories that may have had a large impact on their lives. o Agents of socialization families, school, peers, mass media, etc. We are able to learn how to control our impulses, think of ourselves as parts of different groups, believe in certain values, and maintain and perform certain roles in society. Theories of Childhood Socialization Freud As babies, we cry because we want something, and are satisfied with food, care, and affection as the responses we get. This is the type of socialization that we attain during infancy. Social interactions allow infants to start developing a sense of self (independency). Self a set of ideas and attitudes about who you are as an independent being. Id part of self that requires immediate gratification. o Self-image is said to start when gratification is denied. (i.e. when a parent doesnt respond to their babies every cry in the middle of the night and the baby gradually learns how to rely on themselves for being put back to sleep). Superego a part of ones psychological self that contains cultural standards and allows one to know what is accepted in society and what is not. www.notesolution.com
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