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Sociology (1,053)
SOCA01H3 (480)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4 - Brym

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA01H3
Professor
Sheldon Ungar
Semester
Fall

Description
Study Notes SOCA01 - Ungar, Shelly CHAPTER 4: SOCIALIZATION the view that social interaction unleashes human abilities is supported by studies showing that children raised in isolation do not develop normal language & other social skills even though socializing influence of the family decreased in the 20th century, influence of schools, peer groups & mass media increased peoples identities change faster, more often, more completely than a decade ago; self has become more plastic socialization is more confusing and stressful now because the main institutions teach contradictory lessons decrease in parental supervisionguidance, increasing of adult roles by youth, decrease in participating in extra-curricular activities are changing character of childhood & adolescence Social Isolation and the Crystallization of Self-Identity Socialization - process by which people learn their culture (including norms, values, roles) and become aware of themselves as the y interact with others Role - behaviour expected of a person occupying a specific position in society Ren Spitz - compared children who were raised in an orphanage with children raised in a prison nursing home in the nursing home, the mothers cared for the babies in the orphanage, there were only 6 nurses for 45 orphans social deprivation caused orphans of 9-12 months to be more susceptible to infections and had higher death rate by the age of 2, all the children from the nursing home were walking & talking, compared to only 8% of orphans Harlows - emotional development requires affectionate cradling without childhood, normal human potential remains undeveloped crystallization of self-identity in adolescence is only one episode in a life-long process of socialization Theories of Childhood Socialization Self - consists of your ideas and attitudes about who you are Austrian founder of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud: proposed the 1st social-scientific interpretation of the process by which the self emerges The id - part of the self that demands immediate gratification The superego - part of the self that acts as a repository of cultural standards The ego - psychological mechanism that balances the conflicting needs of pleasure-seeking id and the restraining superego The unconscious - part of the self that contains repressed memories we are not normally aware of www.notesolution.com
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