Textbook Notes (369,205)
Canada (162,462)
Sociology (1,062)
SOCA02H3 (310)
Chapter 7

Chapter 7 Textbook Notes

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Chapter 7 Text Book NotesFor last 3 decades Canadian constantly place crime among the top 3 of the social issues that concern them Crime in generalviolent crime in particular is on the rise Majority of Canadian adults feel the courts are too lenient with offenders young offenders in particularCrime simply indicates a technical violation of criminal lawSociologists consider how Social Definitions Social RelationshipsSocial Conditions lead to crime eventslabeling by lawSOCIAL DEFINITIONATYPES OF CD CRIMEDEVIANCEDevianceBreaking a norm not breaking social average but a socially accepted normrule of behaviourDeviant acts are punished formallyinformally Informal Punishment Mildeyebrow raise gossip shaming or stigmatization negatively evaluated because of a marker of difference distinguishing them from others EX hair looks appearance nameFormal Punishmentresults from breaking lawnorms enforced by govt bodies EX prisontime community service hoursTypes of deviant crimes classified in 3 dimensions John Hagan1Severity of social responsemurder will result in severe social response such as life imprisonment or even capital punishment whereas wearing a nose ring brings mild social reaction disapproval of slight deviation from norms2Perceived harmfulnessPERCEIVED not actual Sexual assaultsseen as very harmfultattoos are regarded as harmless EX COCACOLA containedcocaine now cocaine is illegala change in peoples perception of harmfulness3Degree of public disagreementdisagreement between people People argue about whether marijuana should be illegal considering the fact that it also aids cancer patients with their painnausea EX definition of murder varies across culturessocieties killing newborns in Inuit communitiesnot a crimehelps save scarce resources A workers death at work due to safety reasons highly debatable Accidental should the company be held responsibleFour types of CDsJohn Hagan1Social Diversionsminor acts of deviancy EX FadsFashions blue hair piercings evoke most mild social reactions such as amusement or disdain Usually harmless2Social Deviationsmore serious acts subjected to institutional sanctions more people agree these are deviant actssomewhat harmful EX Japanese school banning long hair that was punished by a humiliating public haircut3Conflict Crimes deviant crimes defined as illegal by state but in a wider society the issue iscontroversial EX tax on beard in Russia under Tsar Petersince it symbolized russias past instead of futureclassified as a crime only in Russia harmed Russia because it represented Russias past4Consensus Crimesbad crimes very little controversy or debate about them Great majority of people support punishment for these crimes EX a peasant sporting the haircut of a warrior brings social order of Japan in question breaking the caste system rules THEY ALL SHOW THAT PEOPLES CONCEPTION OF CD VARIES OVER TIMEBETWEEN SOCIETIES EX HAIR STYLE CAN BE A MATTER OF LIFEDEATHB POWERSOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF CDSocial Constructionismschool of sociological thought that emphasizes various social problems including crime as not inherent in certain actions themselves instead some people are in a position to create normslaws that stigmatize other people
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