Textbook Notes (368,666)
Canada (162,055)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA02H3 (310)
Chapter 16

SOCA02- SCP; Chapter 16.docx

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Sheldon Ungar

SOCA02- SCP; Chapter 16 - Health Behavior in School Aged Children (HBSC) survey carried out every 4 years answers questions based on social determinants of health of Canadian students from grade 5-10 - structural –functionalism  in a stable society, all institutional forces work together to create and maintain good health for population  sick role (Talcott Parsons) - conflict theory  Karl Marx who wrote about how development of capitalism advanced mechanism in agriculture and forced farm workers off land and into cities to survive, lived in slums and plagued by diseases  Hilary Graham's work on home health-care work done by women - interpretive theories  study of blogs by people with Aspergers showed that they are proud of who they are and felt hurt because of stigma attached to disorder, contrary to views of their parents who worried over problems in schooling and social lives - feminism/anti-racism  examination of the reasons of growing incidence/prevalence of breast cancer is that it is a women's disease - sociology of health, illness, disease, and sickness  broadest level- comparison within and between societies around world and over time with rates, causes, and treatments for health and sickness and death  next level- morbidity/mortality within societies and cultures and comparison of people of difference social statuses, plus socio-psychological factors  next level- relationships between lifestyle behaviors, plus meaning and experience of being ill and death - average life expectancies for Canadian men and women were 39 and 38 - most significant causes of increase in life expectancy due to public preventative measures such as improved nutrition, sanitation, and advances in birth control - development of vaccines and antibiotics kept life expectancy rising in 1920s - women live longer because of less maternal mortality and men engage more in risk- taking behaviors - PYLL (potential years of life lost): stat representation that takes age into account; 70 years as cut-off point for age - most common means of AIDS transmission in Canada has been among men who have sex with men (MSM) at 75%  among women, 60% of cases are attributed to heterosexual contact - HIV/AIDS overrepresented among Aboriginal people and black Canadians  injecting drugs most common cause for Aboriginals  heterosexual contact for black Canadians - water, air, and soil the basic determining factors of our health - Alberta oil sands  require strip mining and removal of sand to extract infused oil  affects soil organisms and water flow in Athabasca River and water levels in river and Lake Athabasca  displaces animals, increases erosion, decreases carbon sequestration  energy required to access oil causes health problems, air pollution, and global warming - Walkerton water crisis  drinking water of small town Walkerton became polluted with strain of E. coli bacteria  7 deaths and several hundred affected others  Stan Koebel neglected his job as general manager responsible for water chlorination and safety  Stan and Frank Koebel were certified on basis of experience and not required to take tests for continued certification  Ministry of the Environment did not enforce regulations pertaining to construction and operation of municipal water systems  budget reduction  privatization of lab testing  failure to regulate reporting responsibilities - Sydney tar ponds  tar ponds in Nova Scotia contain contaminated soil and sediment as result of steel and coke production  $400 million cleanup announced after years of public lobbying - OECD pointed out that Canada was 1 of 2 wealthy nations characterized by the largest growth in income inequality in 1990s and 2000s - Whitehall studies followed health of British civil servants for nearly 20 years and found that both experience of well-being and decline in mortality rates were associated with upward mobility  positive health benefits were found in each increase in rank  people who engaged in health-threatening behaviors were less likely to die compared to people living with poor conditions -
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