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Sociology (1,053)
SOCA02H3 (310)
Chapter 7

chapter 7

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Maggie Cummings

Sociology chapter 7 Deviance involves breaking a norm and evoking a negative reaction from others. Crime is deviance that breakse a law which is a norm stipulated and enforced by government bodies Informal punishment is mild, raised eyebrows, gossip, ostracism, shaming or stigmatization Stigmatized- are negatively evaluated because of a marker that distinguishes them from others People who are stigmatized are negatively evaluated because of a marker that distinguishes them from others and that is labeled socially unacceptable Formal punishment result from people breaking the laws -takes place when judicial system penalizes someone for breaking the law deviance and crime in terms of severity of social response terms of perceived harfulness precieved harmfulneww is too : coca-cola derivative of cocaine degree of public agreenment about an act should be consider deviant or criminal inuit communities allowed newborns to fresse to death killing new borns was not considered a punishable offence, if community memebrs agreed that investing scarce resources effect everyone else wellbeing 4 types of deviance and crim: 1) social diversion: minor acts of deviance; ex. Participating fads and fashions, dyeing your hair purple create public to mild societal reaction 2) social deviation-serious acts, large # of people agree its deviant and harmful hawai had a rule making long hair on boys punishable to humiliating public haircut 3) conflict crimes-states defines as illegal but controversial in the wider society tax on beards to discourage men from growing them. Russians disagreed with his public 4) consensus crime- bade inthemselves peasent and had a hair cute as a samurai arrested and even killed consider as entire social order into question measuring crime victimless crimes or violations of the law in which no victim steps forward and is identified illegal gambling and use of illegal drugs are all victimless crimes common assults unreported because assailant is a freidn or relative may victims of secual assult criminal acts to report and which to ignore crack down on drugs and related to it self-report surveys, respondent are asked to report their involvement in criminal activities, either as perpetrations or as victims victimization surveys: people are asked if they have been victims of crime -less reliable data about offenders homicide rates have lowered most prone to crime was young and since it is declining crime rate is the male unemployment rate, poor economic conditions in the 1980’s -linked to the legalization of abortion crime started to decline 19 years after abortion was legalized in the US, drop occurred because earlu 1970’s -fewer unwanted children, prone to crimal behavior since receive less parental supervision and guidance aboriginals in jail in Canada. Alot. broad system and background factors affecting aboriginal people- poor people are law abiding, poverty and its handicaps are associated with elevated crime rates commited so called street crimes (breaking and entering, robbery, assault.. [committed by lower status]more detectable then white collar criminal acts.) white collar crimes- embezzlement, fraud, copyright infringement, false advertising and ect.. commited by high status person in the course of work -police discriminate against aboriginal people western culture has disrupted social life in many aboriginal communities, a weakening of social control -claim that criminal justice engages in discriminatory practices based on race may be differicult for some Canadians to accept : claim is credible -police will stop a black person, driving a nice car and would assume stolen Symbolic interactionist Interacting with others, identifying social circumstance and traditional focus of symbolic interactionist Learning deviance Established by howard S. Becker’s classic study of marijuana 1) learning to smoke the drug in a way that produces real effects -must learn to how to smoke the drug ensures a sufficient dosage to produce intoxicating effects claiming that marijuana has no effects on them 2) learning to recognize the effects and connect them with drug uses -smoking technique may not recognize that they are high or they not connected the symptoms of being high with smoking the drug -made the connection, novices were ready to advance to stage three 3) learning to enjoy the precrieved sensation users experience a frightening loss of self-control, dizzy, uncomfortable thirsty, itchy, forgetful, or dangerously impaired. Experienced users typically help novices redefine negative sensations as pleasureable labeling theory holds deviance result not so much from the actions of deviant as from the response of others, who label the rule breaker a deviant Durkheim controversial claim deviance and crime are beneficial for society, someone breaks a rule, provides others with a chance to condemn and punish the transgression and remind the common values and clarify moral boundaries of the group to which they belong and thus reinforce social solidarity Merton: emphasizing the dysfunctions of deviance and crime Discrepancy between culral ideals and structural realities is dysfunctional, producing what he called strain strain theory- people may turn to deviance when they experience strain. Strain results value of material success and society fails to provide en
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