Chapter 7 Deviance and Crime
Canadian Attitude Toward Crime
-Canadians between the age of 18 and 49 tend to choose crime or medical dramas.
-Come to conclusion that we are obsessed with crime.
-Crime has been the top 3 issues that concern Canadians since 1970.
-Believe that crime in general is on the rise.
-We may think that Canada contains a disproportionately large number of bad people
who have broken law. But this statement has proven to be an oversimplification for 2
1. Crime simply indicates a technical violation of the criminal law. Someone that
has broken the law tells us little about his or her moral character and whether
he or she is good or bad.
2. Some people who have been labeled as criminals are now seen as heroes.
-Definition of deviance and crime has changed over the years.
The Social Definition of Deviance and Crime
Types of Deviance and Crime
-Deviance involves breaking a norm.
-Informal punishment is mild, and may involve raising eyebrows, gossip, ostracism,
shaming, or stigmatization.
-Stigmatized means that they are negatively evaluated because they have been marked so
they are seen differently from others.
-Formal punishment results from people breaking laws, where norms stipulated and
enforced by government bodies. A punishment may be to perform community service.
-John Hagan classified various types of deviance and crime by 3 dimensions.
1. Severity of the social response: Homicide and other serious forms of
deviance result in most severe negative reactions, like life imprisonment or
2. Perceived harmfulness: Sexual harassment is seen to be very harmful, but for
example, tattooing is not.
3. Degree of public agreement: For example, people disagree and agree that
marijuana should be legalized.
-4 types of deviance and crime include:
1. Social diversions: Minor acts of deviance, like dyeing your hair purple. These
acts are harmless and evoke a mild societal reaction like amusement or
2. Social deviations: More serious, large number of people think that these acts
are deviant and somewhat harmful.
3. Conflict crimes: State define these acts as illegal but whos definition is
controversial in the wider society. For example, back in the day seeing long
beard as backwardness, so Tsar Peter imposed a fine on beards in the form of