SOCA02H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Sampling Frame, Statistical Process Control, Dependent And Independent Variables

30 views4 pages
8 Feb 2011
SOCA02-Textbook Sociologists ResearchJan-31-2011
Experience filters perception is the biggest problem for sociological research.
We can never perceive society in a pure or objective form.
The filtering occurs in 4 stages
Our values help us decide which problems are worth investigating.
Our values lead us to formulate and adopt favored theories for explaining problems.
We are influenced by previous research.
The methods we use to gather data mold our perceptions.
We can use technology to interpret / gather data to provide a less biased result.
Scientific versus Unscientific Thinking
In science, seeing is believing. In everyday life, believing is seeing.
10 ways of seeing things unscientifically:
tradition (chicken soup gets rid of a cold, masturbation will blind you)
authority (newspaper bullshit)
casual observation (we're all careless observers)
Overgeneralization (my dad worked hard and became rich, so can I!)
Selective observation (I'm right because I can't think of any contrary cases)
Qualifications (exceptions to the rule)
Illogical reasoning
Ego-defense (I just can't be wrong)
Premature closure of inquiry (The matter is settled once and for all!)
Mystification (There must be supernatural forces at work here)
The Research Cycle
1. formulate a research question (must be stated so it can be answered by systematically collecting
and analyzing sociological data)
2. review the existing research literature.
3. Selecting a research method
4. Collecting data
5. Analyzing the data
6. Publish the results
Ethical Considerations
The right to safety, ppl must have the right to decide whether they can be studied and in what
The right to privacy.
The right to confidentiality.
The right to informed consent.
Field Methods: From detached Observation to “Going Native
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+20% OFF
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers