Textbook Notes (367,936)
Canada (161,516)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA02H3 (310)
Mc Kinon (31)
Chapter 13

Textbook Notes - Chapter 13

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Mc Kinon

SOCA02-Textbook Work and the Economy Jan-31-2011 THE PROMISE AND HISTORY OF WORK Salvation or Curse? After computerization of offices, office workers became less happy. Smiles changed to frowns. Three Revolutions Economy: is the institution that organizes the production, distribution, and exchange of goods and services. It is divided into three sectors: Primary sector (agricultural): includes farming, fishing, logging, and mining. Secondary sector (manufacturing): includes turning raw materials into finished goods; manufacturing takes place. Tertiary sector (service): services are bought and sold, including nurses, teachers, lawyers, hairdressers, and so forth. 3 revolutionary events took place in history, in each revolution, a different sector of the economy rose to dominance: The Development of Agriculture Our ancestors began to grow plants and herd cattle by using simple hand tools. Human settlements took place. Productivity (the amount of goods or services produced per hour worked) soared! The Development of Modern Industry International exploration, trade, and commerce stimulated the growth of markets (social relations that regulate the exchange of goods and services. In markets, the price of goods and services are established by how plentiful they are (supply) and how much they are wanted (demand) ) from the fifteen century on. Technology 230 years ago greatly increased the ability of producers to supply markets. (Industrial Revolution) The Development of the Service Sector Service jobs were rare in pre-agricultural few in agricultural societies because everyone had to do physical work in order to survive. However, as productivity increase, service jobs soared, went from a quarter of the labor force being employed in services to 75% in 2000. th This was made possible in the late 20 century by computers. Computers automated a lot of things and replaced a lot of jobs, forcing people to go into service sectors. The Social Organization of Work Division of work increased, it refers to the specialization of work tasks. The more specialized the work tasks in a society, the greater the division of work. In pre-agrarian societies there were 4 main jobs: hunting, gathering, raising children and tending to spiritual needs. Now, there are thousands of different kinds of jobs. Work relations became more hierarchical, now executives are the authorities. Increasingly, work hierarchies are organized bureaucratically clearly defined positions and written goals, rules, and procedures govern the organization of work. Workplaces have grown enormously in size. GOOD VERSUS BAD JOBS Bad jobs (Dead-end Jobs) dont pay much and require the performance of routine tasks under close supervision. Working conditions are unpleasant, sometimes dangerous. Bad jobs require www.notesolution.com
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