Textbook Notes (367,880)
Canada (161,465)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA02H3 (310)
Chapter 14

Chapter 14 Notes from COMPASS

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

CHAPTER 14PoliticsIntroduction Free Trade and Democracy y The Canadian Alliance for Trade and Job Opportunities CATJO began to fund a media blitz promoting the Progressive Conservatives PCs and their free trade policies in the 1988 election they supported the idea that Canadian prosperity depended on the removal of all taxes and impediments to trade between Canada and the USBecause the PCs won the election officials initialled the North American Free Trade Agreement What Is Politics Key Terms y Politics is a machine that determines who gets what when and how power fuels the machine power is the ability to control others even against their will the use of power sometimes involves force y When most people basically agree with how the political machine is run raw power becomes authority authority is legitimate institutionalized power power is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justified power is institutionalized when the norms and statuses of social organizations govern its usey Max Weber described three ideal bases on which authority can rest 1 Traditional authorityparticularly in tribal and feudal societies rulers inherit authority through family or clan ties2 Legalrational authorityin modern societies authority derives from respect for the law3 Charismatic authoritycharismatic figures sometimes emerge during a political revolution an attempt by many people to overthrow existing political institutions and establish new ones y Institutions that specialize in the exercise of power and authority form the state the state comprises institutions that formulate and carry out a countrys laws and public policies in performing these functions the state regulates citizens in civil society civil society is made up of areas of social life which are organized by private or voluntary arrangements between individuals and groups outside the direct control of the statey In an authoritarian state citizen control is sharply restricted in a totalitarian state it is virtually nonexistent in a democracy citizens exert a relatively high degree of control over the stateyIn modern democracies citizens do not control the state directly political parties compete for control of government in regular elections they put forward policy alternatives and rally adult citizens to vote special interest groups form lobbiesthey advise politicians about their members desires
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