Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA02H3 (310)
Chapter 14

Chapter 14 - Politics

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Chapter 14 PoliticsIn 1988 the Liberals were leading the polls with 43 of the popular vote until 100 hours before the first votes were cast a little known organization the Canadian Alliance for Trade and Job Opportunities swung into high gearWith a campaign budget larger than that of the 2 opposition parties combined CATJO funded a media blitz promoting the PCs and their free trade policies y CATJO argued that if goods and services could be bought and sold across the border without hindrance and capital invested without restraint good jobs would proliferate and Canadas future would be assured y Before the media blitz 54 opposed free trade but on election day the Progressive Conservatives won with 43 of the vote and a mere 6 weeks later NAFTA was implemented y CATJO was backed by the Business Council on National Issues an organization comprising the CEOs of 150 of Canadas leading corporations ppl with a clear stake in free tradepolitics by other meanswar and terrorismPolitics is a machine fuelled by power that determines who gets what when and howPower is the ability to impose ones will on others even against their willAuthority is legitimate institutionalized powerPower is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justifiedPower is institutionalized when the norms and statuses of social organizations govern its useThese norms and statuses define how authority should be used how individuals can achieve authority and how much authority is attached to each status in the organizationMax Weber described 3 ideal bases on which authority can rest y Traditional authority particularly in tribal and feudal societies rulers inherit authority through family or clan tiesThe right of a family or clan to monopolize leadership is widely believed to derive from the will of a god y Legalrational authority in modern societies authority derives from respect for the lawLaws specify how a person can achieve officePeople generally believe these laws are rationalIf someone achieves office by following these laws his or her authority is respected y Charismatic authority sometimes extraordinary and charismatic individuals challenge traditional or legalrational authorityThey claim to be inspired by a god or some higher principle that transcends other forms of authorityMost people believe this claimOne such principle is the idea that all people are created equalCharismatic figures sometime emerge during a political revolution an attempt by many people to overthrow existing political institutions and establish new onesPolitical revolutions take place when widespread and successful movements of opposition clash with crumbling traditional or legalrational authority o Political revolution is the overthrow of political institutions by an opposition movement and its replacement by new institutionsPolitical sociology is mainly concerned with institutions that specialize in the exercise of power and authority which taken together form a state
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