MSL Reading #41 -- Manifesto of the Communist Party

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15 Feb 2011
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Manifesto of the Communist Party
Reading 41: pg 468-473
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
-Marx and Engels foresaw the ride of global capitalism
-Both sociologists viewed the history of class struggles as the oppressor versus the
oppressed, standing in constant opposition to one another, carrying out an
uninterrupted fight that ended in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large
or in the common ruin of the contending classes.
-The arrangement of society takes on various orders (gradation), for example, in
ancient Rome there were patricians, knights, plebeians, and slaves.
-Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great classes:
Bourgeoisie and Proletariat.
Bourgeoisie: Marxism defines the bourgeoisie as the social class that owns the means of
production in a capitalist society. Marxists view the bourgeoisie as emerging from the
wealthy urban classes in pre- and early capitalist societies. (Wikipedia)
-the manufacturing system took place of the feudal system of industry; division of
labor in every business became more common than the labor division of classes
-steam and machinery revolutionized industrial production
-Modern Industry, the place of industrial middle, established the world-market for
which America paved the way
-The market has given an immense development to commerce, navigation, and
communication by land, then to the extension of railways and increased capital.
As a result, the Bourgeoisie developed and thrived while all the remaining classes
were pushed aside, along with old-fashioned industries and modes of production
-The modern Bourgeoisie is the product of a long course of development including
a series of revolutions that would result in the betterment of production and of
exchange
-Each step in the development of the Bourgeoisie was accompanied by a
corresponding political advance in that class
-The Bourgeoisie resolved personal wealth into exchange value and set up Free
Trade
-Doctors, lawyers, priests, etc became paid wage-laborers
-Family relationships have turned into money relationships
-The Bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionizing the instruments
of productions, as well as society relations.
-Because of the constant need of change, the Bourgeoisie settled all over the globe,
and extended into every market with many connections
-This forced even barbarians to national civilization
-they also gave the market a cosmopolitan character to production and
consumption
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Document Summary

Marx and engels foresaw the ride of global capitalism. The arrangement of society takes on various orders (gradation), for example, in ancient rome there were patricians, knights, plebeians, and slaves. Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great classes: Bourgeoisie: marxism defines the bourgeoisie as the social class that owns the means of production in a capitalist society. Modern industry, the place of industrial middle, established the world-market for which america paved the way. The market has given an immense development to commerce, navigation, and communication by land, then to the extension of railways and increased capital. As a result, the bourgeoisie developed and thrived while all the remaining classes were pushed aside, along with old-fashioned industries and modes of production. The modern bourgeoisie is the product of a long course of development including a series of revolutions that would result in the betterment of production and of exchange.

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